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Showing 1 to 15 of 93 results Save | Export
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Martin, Gary E.; Barstein, Jamie; Patel, Shivani; Lee, Michelle; Henry, Laura; Losh, Molly – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: This study is a longitudinal follow-up to prior work examining the important pragmatic skill of communication repair (i.e., the ability to respond effectively to a request for clarification of an unclear message) across three neurodevelopmental disabilities in which language skills are impaired: fragile X syndrome with and without…
Descriptors: Communication Skills, Communication Problems, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Strategies
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Monroe, Penelope; Halaki, Mark; Kumfor, Fiona; Ballard, Kirrie J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Acquired brain injury (ABI), such as Parkinson's disease, dementia or stroke, can result in communication difficulties that lead to an impoverished ability to connect meaningfully with others. Choral singing is a complex task that uses multiple brain regions which are also responsible for language and communication skills. The…
Descriptors: Singing, Neurological Impairments, Dementia, Diseases
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Pluck, Graham; Barajas, Brittany M.; Hernandez-Rodriguez, José L.; Martínez, María A. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: People experiencing homelessness are at increased risk of neurological disorder due to multiple factors such as substance abuse, infection, and higher rates of serious mental illness and traumatic brain injury. This could affect cognitive and language skills. Indeed, past research has suggested that certain language-related skills tend…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Language Skills, At Risk Persons, Neurological Impairments
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Sherratt, Sue; Bryan, Karen – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Knowledge of the discourse performance of non-brain-damaged individuals is critical not only for its differentiation from disordered expression but also for more accurate models of ageing and communication. The effect of ageing and cognitive skills on the cohesive adequacy of discourse has, until now, presented a confusing and…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Cognitive Ability, Males, Age Differences
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Shafer, Jennifer S.; Shafer, Paul R.; Haley, Katarina L. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Up to 40% of stroke survivors acquire aphasia and require long-term caregiver assistance after discharge from the hospital. Caregivers assume multiple roles as they help people with aphasia to access outpatient rehabilitative care in an increasingly person-centred model of care. Examining caregiver roles and how different stakeholders…
Descriptors: Caregiver Attitudes, Caregiver Role, Caregivers, Aphasia
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Sharma, Saryu; Briley, Patrick M.; Wright, Heather Harris; Perry, Jamie L.; Fang, Xiangming; Ellis, Charles – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Aphasia is a language impairment which results as a consequence of stroke. Gender differences are reported in underlying mechanisms of stroke, however, gender differences in aphasia type and severity remain unclear. Aims: To examine gender differences in aphasia…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Aphasia, Language Impairments, Gender Differences
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Wray, Faye; Clarke, David; Forster, Anne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Interest in how stroke survivors might be better supported to manage life after stroke has grown rapidly in recent years, with a particular emphasis on enabling 'self-management'. Post-stroke communication difficulties may pose a unique barrier to longer term adaptation and adjustment. It is important to understand how stroke survivors…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Brain, Communication Problems, Communication Skills
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Ryan, Brooke; Bohan, Jaycie; Kneebone, Ian – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Access to treatments for mood disorders may pose a challenge to individuals with compromised communication ability. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have previously reported that their clients with aphasia decline formal psychological support; however, their role in their clients' help-seeking has not been explored. Aims: To…
Descriptors: Help Seeking, Aphasia, Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel
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Roberts, Hannah; Greenwood, Nan – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Research regarding speech and language therapy (SLT) for patients in prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC) is very limited. The Royal College of Physicians' (RCP) PDOC guideline provides recommendations regarding best practice, but does not give detail about many aspects of assessment and management. As a result, SLTs have little…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Speech Therapy, Speech Language Pathology, Best Practices
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Black, Rebecca J.; Bogaardt, Hans; McCabe, Patricia; Glanville, Allan R.; MacDonald, Peter; Madill, Catherine – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Oropharyngeal dysphagia and laryngeal dysfunction are two lesser known complications after lung and heart transplantation. The presence of these features places this immunocompromised population at high risk of pulmonary complications and subsequent medical deterioration. Early identification of swallowing and voice dysfunction would…
Descriptors: Surgery, Speech Impairments, Psychomotor Skills, At Risk Persons
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Molloy, Jessica; Jagoe, Caroline – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: There is a growing body of evidence that speech and language therapy (SLT) intervention is effective in improving communication ability for individuals with non-progressive acquired apraxia of speech (AOS). However, there is no universally agreed diagnostic standard for AOS, and diverging opinions on its diagnostic features. This has…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Speech Impairments, Adventitious Impairments, Clinical Diagnosis
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Volkmer, Anna; Spector, Aimee; Warren, Jason D.; Beeke, Suzanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) describes a heterogeneous group of language-led dementias. People with this type of dementia are increasingly being referred to speech and language therapy (SLT) services. Yet, there is a paucity of research evidence focusing on PPA interventions and little is known about SLT practice in terms of…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Speech Therapy, Dementia, Intervention
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Lavoie, Monica; Bier, Nathalie; Macoir, Joël – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Aphasia is an acquired language disorder that occurs secondary to brain injury, such as stroke. It causes communication difficulties that have a significant impact on quality of life and social relationships. Although the efficacy of speech-language therapy has been clearly demonstrated in this population, long-term services are…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Neurological Impairments, Communication Problems, Telecommunications
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Theodoros, Deborah; Aldridge, Danielle; Hill, Anne J.; Russell, Trevor – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Communication and swallowing disorders are highly prevalent in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Maintenance of functional communication and swallowing over time is challenging for the person with PD and their families and may lead to social isolation and reduced quality of life if not addressed. Speech and language therapists…
Descriptors: Diseases, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Communication Skills, Communication Problems
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Sekhon, Jasvinder K.; Oates, Jennifer; Kneebone, Ian; Rose, Miranda – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Speech-language therapists use counselling to address the psychological well-being of people affected by post-stroke aphasia. Speech-language therapists report low counselling knowledge, skill and confidence for working in post-stroke aphasia which may be related to a lack of counselling training specific to the needs of this client…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Speech Language Pathology, Speech Therapy, Well Being
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