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O'Neill, Michelle; Henderson, Mo; Duffy, Orla M.; Kernohan, W. George – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Awake craniotomy with electrical stimulation has become the gold standard for tumour resection in eloquent areas of the brain. Patients' speech during the procedure can inform the intervention and evidence for language experts to support the procedure is building. Within the UK a burgeoning speech and language therapist awake…
Descriptors: Brain, Stimulation, Surgery, Cancer
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Sproson, Lise; Pownall, Sue; Enderby, Pam; Freeman, Jenny – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Physical Disabilities, Eating Disorders, Pilot Projects
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Armstrong, Linda; Stansfield, Jois; Bloch, Steven – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: Following content analyses of the first 30 years of the UK speech and language therapy professional body's journal, this study was conducted to survey the published work of the speech (and language) therapy profession over the last 50 years and trace key changes and themes. Aim: To understand better the development of the UK speech and…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Journal Articles, Speech Language Pathology, Speech Therapy
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McGowan, Susan L.; Ward, Elizabeth C.; Wall, Laurelie R.; Shellshear, Leanne R.; Spurgin, Ann-Louise – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2014
Background: Many speech and language therapists (SLTs) work with patients who have a tracheostomy. There is limited information about their working practices and the extent to which recent publications and research have influenced the speech and language therapy management of the tracheostomized patient. Aims: This study reviews the current…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Patients, Allied Health Personnel, Speech Language Pathology
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Archer, S. K.; Wellwood, I.; Smith, C. H.; Newham, D. J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: Dysphagia is common after stroke, leading to adverse outcome. There is a paucity of high-quality evidence for dysphagia therapy, thus making it difficult to determine the best approaches to treatment. Clinical decisions are often based on usual practice, however no formal method of monitoring practice patterns exists. Aims: To…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires
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Regan, Julie; Walshe, Margaret; McMahon, Barry P. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: The assessment of adequate upper oesophageal sphincter (UOS) opening during swallowing is an integral component of dysphagia evaluation. Aims: To ascertain speech and language therapists' (SLTs) satisfaction with current methods for assessing UOS function in people with dysphagia and to identify challenges encountered by SLTs with UOS…
Descriptors: Clinical Experience, Foreign Countries, Data Analysis, Speech Therapy
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Adams, Catherine; Lockton, Elaine; Freed, Jenny; Gaile, Jacqueline; Earl, Gillian; McBean, Kirsty; Nash, Marysia; Green, Jonathan; Vail, Andy; Law, James – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Children who show disproportionate difficulty with the pragmatic as compared with the structural aspects of language are described as having pragmatic language impairment (PLI) or social communication disorder (SCD). Some children who have PLI also show mild social impairments associated with high-functioning autism or autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Language Aptitude, Outcome Measures, Intervention, Speech Therapy
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Adams, Catherine; Lockton, Elaine; Gaile, Jacqueline; Earl, Gillian; Freed, Jenny – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Speech-language interventions are often complex in nature, involving multiple observations, variable outcomes and individualization in treatment delivery. The accepted procedure associated with randomized controlled trials (RCT) of such complex interventions is to develop and implement a manual of intervention in order that reliable…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Intervention, Speech Therapy, Check Lists
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Mumby, Katharyn; Whitworth, Anne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Despite recognition of the need for increased long-term support for people with aphasia following stroke, there remains limited evidence for effective service-level interventions. Aims: To evaluate the outcomes and experiences of people participating in the Communication Hub for Aphasia in North Tyneside (CHANT), a 2-year partnership…
Descriptors: Evidence, Program Effectiveness, Intervention, Quality of Life
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Fuller, Alison – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: Sure Start has been a flagship policy for the UK Labour Government since 1998. Its aim was to improve the life chances of children under five years of age who live in areas of socio-economic disadvantage by means of multi-agency, multidisciplinary Sure Start Local Programmes (SSLPs). Speech and language therapists have played a key…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Speech Therapy, Speech Language Pathology
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Joffe, Victoria; Pring, T. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2008
Background: Children with phonological problems are a significant proportion of many therapists' caseloads. However, little is known about current clinical practice with these children or whether research on the effects of therapy have influenced this practice. Aims: To investigate the methods of assessment and remediation used by therapists…
Descriptors: Phonology, Phonological Awareness, Auditory Discrimination, Reading Skills
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Clegg, Judy; Brumfitt, Shelagh; Parks, Randolph W.; Woodruff, Peter W. R. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2007
Background: There is a significant body of evidence documenting the speech and language abnormalities found in adult psychiatric disorders. These speech and language impairments can create additional social barriers for the individual and may hinder effective communication in psychiatric treatment and management. However, the role of speech and…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Negative Attitudes, Intervention, Schizophrenia
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Greenwood, Nan; Wright, Jannet A.; Bithell, Christine – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
Background: Communication disorders affect both sexes and people from all ethnic groups, but members of minority ethnic groups and males in the UK are underrepresented in the speech and language therapy profession. Research in the area of recruitment is limited, but a possible explanation is poor awareness and understanding of speech and language…
Descriptors: Student Recruitment, College Students, Speech Therapy, Allied Health Personnel
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Stow, Carol; Dodd, Barbara – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2003
Background: The UK is a multicultural, multilingual society and the majority of paediatric speech and language therapists in England have at least one bilingual child on their caseload. There are many imperatives driving the profession to provide an equitable service for bilingual children. Evidence is beginning to emerge, however, that bilingual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Speech Therapy, Multilingualism, Bilingualism
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Crichton-Smith, Isobel; Wright, Jannet; Stackhouse, Joy – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2003
Background: Past research has indicated that speech and language therapists hold some negative attitudes towards people who stammer, their parents and the treatment of stammering. However, studies on attitudes towards stammering have predominantly focussed on therapists in the USA. Recent trends towards earlier intervention suggest that more…
Descriptors: Negative Attitudes, Stuttering, Early Intervention, Speech Language Pathology