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Fitzpatrick, Beth; Coad, Jane; Sell, Debbie; Rihtman, Tanya – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: There is no consensus in the UK regarding the types of speech samples or parameters of speech that should be assessed at 3 years of age in children with cleft palate ± cleft lip (CP±L), despite cleft units routinely assessing speech at this age. The standardization of assessment practices would facilitate comparisons of outcomes across…
Descriptors: Speech Evaluation, Congenital Impairments, Speech Impairments, Preschool Children
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O'Neill, Michelle; Henderson, Mo; Duffy, Orla M.; Kernohan, W. George – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Awake craniotomy with electrical stimulation has become the gold standard for tumour resection in eloquent areas of the brain. Patients' speech during the procedure can inform the intervention and evidence for language experts to support the procedure is building. Within the UK a burgeoning speech and language therapist awake…
Descriptors: Brain, Stimulation, Surgery, Cancer
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Volkmer, Anna; Spector, Aimee; Warren, Jason D.; Beeke, Suzanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) describes a heterogeneous group of language-led dementias. People with this type of dementia are increasingly being referred to speech and language therapy (SLT) services. Yet, there is a paucity of research evidence focusing on PPA interventions and little is known about SLT practice in terms of…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Speech Therapy, Dementia, Intervention
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Hegarty, Natalie; Titterington, Jill; McLeod, Sharynne; Taggart, Laurence – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Across the world, research has shown that intervention for children with phonological impairment can be both effective and efficient. However, it has also raised concerns about the translation of this evidence to practice, highlighting questions around clinician knowledge and the understanding of approaches, and the intensity of…
Descriptors: Intervention, Children, Phonology, Speech Impairments
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Sproson, Lise; Pownall, Sue; Enderby, Pam; Freeman, Jenny – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Physical Disabilities, Eating Disorders, Pilot Projects
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Archer, S. K.; Wellwood, I.; Smith, C. H.; Newham, D. J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: Dysphagia is common after stroke, leading to adverse outcome. There is a paucity of high-quality evidence for dysphagia therapy, thus making it difficult to determine the best approaches to treatment. Clinical decisions are often based on usual practice, however no formal method of monitoring practice patterns exists. Aims: To…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires
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Stokes, Stephanie F.; Griffiths, Rebecca – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: School-aged children with persisting speech sound disorders (SSDs) may show little improvement in speech accuracy following phonological or articulation therapy. Aims: To determine the effects of establishing consonant production in facilitative vowel contexts for a 7-year-old boy (CD) with persisting post-alveolar fronting. CD had…
Descriptors: Vowels, Phonemes, Articulation (Speech), Phonology
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Clegg, Judy; Brumfitt, Shelagh; Parks, Randolph W.; Woodruff, Peter W. R. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2007
Background: There is a significant body of evidence documenting the speech and language abnormalities found in adult psychiatric disorders. These speech and language impairments can create additional social barriers for the individual and may hinder effective communication in psychiatric treatment and management. However, the role of speech and…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Negative Attitudes, Intervention, Schizophrenia