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Fitzpatrick, Beth; Coad, Jane; Sell, Debbie; Rihtman, Tanya – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: There is no consensus in the UK regarding the types of speech samples or parameters of speech that should be assessed at 3 years of age in children with cleft palate ± cleft lip (CP±L), despite cleft units routinely assessing speech at this age. The standardization of assessment practices would facilitate comparisons of outcomes across…
Descriptors: Speech Evaluation, Congenital Impairments, Speech Impairments, Preschool Children
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O'Neill, Michelle; Henderson, Mo; Duffy, Orla M.; Kernohan, W. George – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Awake craniotomy with electrical stimulation has become the gold standard for tumour resection in eloquent areas of the brain. Patients' speech during the procedure can inform the intervention and evidence for language experts to support the procedure is building. Within the UK a burgeoning speech and language therapist awake…
Descriptors: Brain, Stimulation, Surgery, Cancer
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Cruice, Madeline; Botting, Nicola; Marshall, Jane; Boyle, Mary; Hersh, Deborah; Pritchard, Madeleine; Dipper, Lucy – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Discourse assessment and treatment in aphasia rehabilitation is a priority focus for a range of stakeholder groups. However, a significant majority of speech and language therapists (SLTs) infrequently conduct discourse analysis, and do not feel competent in doing so. Known barriers identified in other countries, specifically a lack of…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Aphasia, Rehabilitation, Foreign Countries
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Volkmer, Anna; Spector, Aimee; Warren, Jason D.; Beeke, Suzanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2019
Background: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) describes a heterogeneous group of language-led dementias. People with this type of dementia are increasingly being referred to speech and language therapy (SLT) services. Yet, there is a paucity of research evidence focusing on PPA interventions and little is known about SLT practice in terms of…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Speech Therapy, Dementia, Intervention
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Hegarty, Natalie; Titterington, Jill; McLeod, Sharynne; Taggart, Laurence – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Across the world, research has shown that intervention for children with phonological impairment can be both effective and efficient. However, it has also raised concerns about the translation of this evidence to practice, highlighting questions around clinician knowledge and the understanding of approaches, and the intensity of…
Descriptors: Intervention, Children, Phonology, Speech Impairments
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Sproson, Lise; Pownall, Sue; Enderby, Pam; Freeman, Jenny – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Physical Disabilities, Eating Disorders, Pilot Projects
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Johnson, Fiona M.; Best, Wendy; Beckley, Firle Christina; Maxim, Jane; Beeke, Suzanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: Conversation therapy for aphasia is a complex intervention comprising multiple components and targeting multiple outcomes. UK Medical Research Council (MRC) guidelines published in 2008 recommend that in addition to measuring the outcomes of complex interventions, evaluation should seek to clarify how such outcomes are produced,…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Speech Therapy, Behavior Change, Behavior Theories
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Beckley, Firle; Best, Wendy; Beeke, Suzanne – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: Communication strategy training (CST) is a recognized part of UK speech and language therapists' (SLTs) role when working with a person with aphasia. Multiple CST interventions have been published but, to date, there are no published studies exploring clinical practice in this area. Aims: To investigate UK SLTs' current CST practices.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Aphasia, Speech Therapy, Communication Strategies
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Armstrong, Linda; Stansfield, Jois; Bloch, Steven – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: Following content analyses of the first 30 years of the UK speech and language therapy professional body's journal, this study was conducted to survey the published work of the speech (and language) therapy profession over the last 50 years and trace key changes and themes. Aim: To understand better the development of the UK speech and…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Journal Articles, Speech Language Pathology, Speech Therapy
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McGowan, Susan L.; Ward, Elizabeth C.; Wall, Laurelie R.; Shellshear, Leanne R.; Spurgin, Ann-Louise – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2014
Background: Many speech and language therapists (SLTs) work with patients who have a tracheostomy. There is limited information about their working practices and the extent to which recent publications and research have influenced the speech and language therapy management of the tracheostomized patient. Aims: This study reviews the current…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Patients, Allied Health Personnel, Speech Language Pathology
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Archer, S. K.; Wellwood, I.; Smith, C. H.; Newham, D. J. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2013
Background: Dysphagia is common after stroke, leading to adverse outcome. There is a paucity of high-quality evidence for dysphagia therapy, thus making it difficult to determine the best approaches to treatment. Clinical decisions are often based on usual practice, however no formal method of monitoring practice patterns exists. Aims: To…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires
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Regan, Julie; Walshe, Margaret; McMahon, Barry P. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: The assessment of adequate upper oesophageal sphincter (UOS) opening during swallowing is an integral component of dysphagia evaluation. Aims: To ascertain speech and language therapists' (SLTs) satisfaction with current methods for assessing UOS function in people with dysphagia and to identify challenges encountered by SLTs with UOS…
Descriptors: Clinical Experience, Foreign Countries, Data Analysis, Speech Therapy
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Adams, Catherine; Lockton, Elaine; Freed, Jenny; Gaile, Jacqueline; Earl, Gillian; McBean, Kirsty; Nash, Marysia; Green, Jonathan; Vail, Andy; Law, James – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Children who show disproportionate difficulty with the pragmatic as compared with the structural aspects of language are described as having pragmatic language impairment (PLI) or social communication disorder (SCD). Some children who have PLI also show mild social impairments associated with high-functioning autism or autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Language Aptitude, Outcome Measures, Intervention, Speech Therapy
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Adams, Catherine; Lockton, Elaine; Gaile, Jacqueline; Earl, Gillian; Freed, Jenny – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Speech-language interventions are often complex in nature, involving multiple observations, variable outcomes and individualization in treatment delivery. The accepted procedure associated with randomized controlled trials (RCT) of such complex interventions is to develop and implement a manual of intervention in order that reliable…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Intervention, Speech Therapy, Check Lists
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Ward, Elizabeth; Morgan, Tessa; McGowan, Sue; Spurgin, Ann-Louise; Solley, Maura – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2012
Background: Literature regarding the education, training, clinical support and confidence of speech-language therapists (SLTs) working with patients with a tracheostomy is limited; however, it suggests that many clinicians have reduced clinical confidence when managing this complex population, many face role and team challenges practising in this…
Descriptors: Evidence, Workplace Learning, Clinical Experience, Medical Education
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