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Arriaga, Patrícia; Pacheco, Catarina – International Journal of Emotional Education, 2016
This study investigated the effects of hospital Clown Doctors intervention on child and caregiver preoperative anxiety at the entrance to the surgery care unit and separation from caregivers. A total of 88 children (aged 4-12 years) were assigned to one of the following two groups: Clown Doctors intervention or control group (standard care).…
Descriptors: Children, Child Caregivers, Anxiety, Surgery