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ERIC Number: EJ1251781
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2073-7629
Personal and Family Correlates to Happiness amongst Italian Children and Pre-Adolescents
Verrastro, Valeria; Ritella, Giuseppe; Saladino, Valeria; Pistella, Jessica; Baiocco, Roberto; Fontanesi, Lilybeth
International Journal of Emotional Education, v12 n1 p48-64 Apr 2020
This study examines how family functioning, the parent-child relationship and personal factors are related to happiness in 1549 children aged 7 to 14 years old (53% females) in Italy. Children and pre-adolescents completed a set of questionnaires on self-rated happiness, self-concept and loneliness. At least one of their parents filled in questionnaires on family functioning, attachment and their child's happiness level. No gender differences were found in the direct measure of happiness, but younger participants were happier than older participants, according to both the children's and parents' evaluations. Happiness is influenced by positive self-concept, self-esteem and low levels of satisfaction but family functioning does not seem to play a major role. The clinical and social implications of the study are discussed.
Centre for Resilience and Socio-Emotional Health. Old Humanities Building (OH) Room 241, University of Malta, MSD 2080, Malta. Tel: +356-2340-3014; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Piers Harris Childrens Self Concept Scale; UCLA Loneliness Scale; Family Adaptability Cohesion Evaluation Scales
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A