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Showing 1 to 15 of 32 results Save | Export
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Huber, Valerie J.; Firmin, Michael W. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
We provide a historical perspective toward the current public school practices of American sex education. The primary time frames include the progressive era (1880-1920), intermediate era (1920-1960), the sexual revolution era (1960s and 1970s), and the modern sex education era (1980s to the present). In each period, we highlight key developments…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Educational History, Public Schools, Educational Practices
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Shaked, Haim – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
In recent years, several cities in Israel have labeled themselves "Education Cities," concentrating on education as their central theme. Employing qualitative techniques, this article aims to describe, define, and conceptualize this phenomenon as it is being realized in three such cities. Findings show that Education Cities differ from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Lifelong Learning, Municipalities, Educational Attitudes
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Choi, Sheena; Yeom, Minho – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2010
The New University for Regional Innovation (NURI) is one of the South Korean Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development's key projects supporting regional universities. NURI aims to develop areas of specialization in regional universities and link universities to local industries. In 2004, the South Korean government pledged to invest…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Specialization, Labor Force Development
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Singh, Kishore – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2010
The right to education is an internationally recognized right. As part of the global movement for Education for All in the past two decades, the right to basic education has emerged in international law, and it carries international obligations--political and legal--on account of collective commitments by the international community for its…
Descriptors: Educational Responsibility, Adult Basic Education, Educational Opportunities, Equal Education
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Ranieri, Nina Beatriz Stocco – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2009
State control over higher education has been provided for in the Brazilian legal system since the establishment of the republic, with university autonomy having been the object of six reforms of higher education and various federal decrees up until the federal constitution of 1988, which upheld it in Article 207. In a country with a limited and…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Institutional Autonomy, Educational Policy
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Su, Bude – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2005
Education reform, as a change process in daily teaching and learning activity, has never been easy. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), a recent nationwide education reform initiative, demonstrates again that change is never easy and not always successful. As a matter of fact, "many innovations in education are either total or partial…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Innovation, Educational Change, Educational Legislation
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Kenen, Marc – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2000
During the first 10 years of reforms, New Zealand schools had two kinds of inspections: assurance (compliance) audits and effectiveness reviews to measure academic performance and contributing factors. In 1998, accountability reviews were introduced to judge whether schools were satisfying their charter (contract) objectives. The program is…
Descriptors: Accountability, Audits (Verification), Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education
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McDonald, Jane A. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2000
Cuban revolutionaries' nationalist goals (sovereignty, economic development, and social justice) were education centered. Over 40 years, the Cuban government maintained its strong commitment to education, stressing technical/professional education in the 1970s and continuous improvement and rectification in recent decades. Competing values, youth,…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Economic Factors, Educational Change, Educational History
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An, Shuhua – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2000
Under traditional Confucianism, China's school system became authoritarian, rigid, and undemocratic. In recent decades, China had one national curriculum and one unified set of textbooks. Now, text publication is more varied, curriculum planning and writing is becoming more democratic, and Western ideas are incorporated to spur economic…
Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Centralization, Democratic Values, Economic Factors
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Key, Shirley Gholston – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2000
The South African Schools Bill of 1996 mandates compulsory education between ages 7 to 15, improved financing for public schools and racially integrated independent schools, and election of school governing bodies. A national school building program and fiscal reforms accompany governmental cultural-inclusion efforts. (Contains 12 references.)…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Cultural Differences, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Legislation
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McLaren, Peter – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2000
In 1948, the Palestinians were targeted and manipulated to strengthen and sustain the dominant Israeli power and reproduce white Israeli values. The education system promulgated this strategy. Only 5 percent of Palestinians in Israel attend college, since they are ineligible for state financial help. (MLH)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education
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O'Donoghue, Thomas A. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2000
Australian education has experienced three reform cycles: the 1970s federal intervention weakening states' centralized dominance; mid-1980s state-government "corporate managerial" reforms; and the 1990s "Tripartite Alliance" (of government, business, and unions). Current issues include national curriculum, ministerial controls,…
Descriptors: Curriculum, Economic Factors, Educational Change, Educational History
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Glegg, Alastair R. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 1995
During 1989-90, British Columbia implemented a dual-entry kindergarten program based on developmental readiness. The program failed because developmental readiness was difficult to measure, random entries were the rule, and a compromise solution proved unsatisfactory. Acting out of a principled desire to serve children could not squelch rational,…
Descriptors: Developmental Stages, Educational Innovation, Failure, Foreign Countries
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Manatt, Richard P. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 1995
By redefining the relationship of national, state, and local government units, Goals 2000 counteracts the tradition of local school control. The act seeks to get states and local education agencies to reform schools voluntarily by meeting eight national goals by 2000. This article reviews the goals, application process, available information and…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation
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Bain, Olga – International Journal of Educational Reform, 1999
Discusses the status and prospects of the government's stated policy promoting institutional autonomy in Russian higher education. Institutional operations are currently fraught with serious problems. At least three areas are in jeopardy: institutional financial sustainability, decentralized government control, and internal balance of power. (22…
Descriptors: Administrative Problems, Centralization, Decentralization, Democracy
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