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Davenport, Elizabeth K.; Sutton, Lenford; Agezo, Clement Kwadzo – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2006
UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan (2000) delivered a speech at the World Education Forum in Dakar, Senegal, stating that, of the 110 million children in the world who should be in school but are not, two-thirds are girls. The lack of equality is contrary to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948, in which governments committed to…
Descriptors: Blacks, African Americans, Females, Educational Attainment
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DeMitchell, Todd A. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2000
A total of 20 judges ruled on a 1994 sexual-harassment case including 5 U.S. Supreme Court justices, who decided in a middle- schooler's favor. School districts are liable for violations of Title IX when they knowingly ignore blatant, pervasive abuse that limits a student's educational access. (Contains 28 references.) (MLH)
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Federal Legislation, Peer Relationship, School Responsibility
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DeMitchell, Todd A. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 1998
Explores the recent Supreme Court Decision ("Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School District") on the liability standard Title IX imposes on school districts for the sexual abuse of a student by a teacher. Because the standard of actual knowledge and deliberate indifference by a school official is too high, the student is denied access…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Legal Responsibility, School Districts