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Breshears, Elizabeth – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
This article examines corporal punishment in U.S. public schools, proposes a national conversation regarding its use, and advocates for a national policy to promote nonviolent discipline methods and prohibit corporal punishment of children in educational settings. The United States remains one of the few postmodern societies without a national…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Public Schools, Punishment, Discipline
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Huber, Valerie J.; Firmin, Michael W. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
We provide a historical perspective toward the current public school practices of American sex education. The primary time frames include the progressive era (1880-1920), intermediate era (1920-1960), the sexual revolution era (1960s and 1970s), and the modern sex education era (1980s to the present). In each period, we highlight key developments…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Educational History, Public Schools, Educational Practices
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Valenzano, Joseph M., III; Wallace, Samuel P. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
Changes to general education curricula are taking place across the globe. From the Bologna Process in Europe to the Liberal Education and America's Promise initiative in the United States, colleges and universities are reforming what constitutes general education for their students. At the University of Dayton, such reforms took the shape of a…
Descriptors: General Education, Educational Change, Curriculum Development, Educational History
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Schechter, Chen – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
Mentoring contributes to prospective principals' growth, easing their transition from the role of teacher to that of administrator. This article reports findings from a study aimed at examining the determinant factors affecting the mentor-mentee relationship in a uniquely designed principal preparation program in New York City. The study…
Descriptors: Mentors, Principals, Supervisor Supervisee Relationship, Leadership Training
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Gupton, Jarrett T.; Sullivan, Amanda L.; Johnston-Goodstar, Katie – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
University-community engagement is increasingly emphasized at institutions throughout the United States, yet there remains concern and confusion about how to conceptualize community engagement to provide benefits for both the university and the public. This article summarizes the history of community engagement and describes dominant paradigms of…
Descriptors: College Role, Outreach Programs, School Community Relationship, School Community Programs
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Sutton, Lenford C.; Spearman, Patrick Thomas – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
After "Zelman v. Simmons-Harris" (2002), civil conflict over use of vouchers and taxes to purchase private education, especially in religious schools, largely remained an issue for state courts' jurisprudence. However, in 2010, it returned to the U.S. Supreme Court when Arizona taxpayers challenged the constitutionality of the state's…
Descriptors: Scholarship, Tax Credits, Court Litigation, Constitutional Law
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Chong, Sylvia; Loh, Wai Mun; Mak, Xueling Mabelene – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
Literature concerning teacher quality indicates that there is a core body of knowledge and skills that a teacher must be equipped with to develop competencies of effective teaching. Beginning teachers (n = 3,353; 1-3 teaching years) participated in an online quality evaluation project at the National Institute of Education, Singapore. Factors…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Instructional Effectiveness, Teacher Competencies, Teacher Attitudes
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Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Wei, Tianlan; Schmidt, Marcelo; Sheffield, Rebecca – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
Purpose: Few studies have examined the role of inclusivity in international assessments of student achievement, such as the TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study). The current study examined how the inclusivity of students with disabilities at the classroom level across countries may be associated with achievement scores,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Inclusion, Disabilities
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Flynn, Joseph E.; Hunt, Rebecca D.; Johnson, Laura Ruth; Wickman, Scott A. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
This article examines urban school-university partnership research after No Child Left Behind. Central to the review is an analysis in the trend of research methods utilized across studies. It was found that many studies are single-case studies or anecdotal. There are few quantitative, sustained qualitative, or mixed-methods studies represented in…
Descriptors: Partnerships in Education, College School Cooperation, Success, Research Methodology
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Arar, Khalid; Abu-Asbah, Khaled; Nasra, Muhammed Abu – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
Current research indicates that parental involvement positively influences children's academic success. This study investigates parental involvement in the Arab education system in Israel, highlighting involvement in the New Horizon reform. We interviewed school principals and parent committee chairpersons from 15 Arab schools. The study confirmed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Arabs, Parent Participation, Educational Change
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Shaked, Haim – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
In recent years, several cities in Israel have labeled themselves "Education Cities," concentrating on education as their central theme. Employing qualitative techniques, this article aims to describe, define, and conceptualize this phenomenon as it is being realized in three such cities. Findings show that Education Cities differ from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Lifelong Learning, Municipalities, Educational Attitudes
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Chapman, David W.; Al-Barwani, Thuwayba; Al Maawali, Fathiya; Jones, Thomas J. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
Jones ABSTRACT: Across Oman, girls outnumber and outperform boys at the secondary school level. While welcoming girls' success, the government is concerned that low male achievement may have negative consequences on national competitiveness and economic growth. One reason posited for this discrepancy in achievement is differences in the nature and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Career Choice, Educational Quality, Foreign Countries
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Cook, Daniella Ann – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
When Hurricane Katrina slammed into New Orleans on August 29, 2005, the failure of the levees resulted in the largest single human-made disaster in the United States. In addition to the physical devastation of the city, the landscape of public schools in New Orleans was permanently altered, as was the national dialogue about school reform in the…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Natural Disasters, Public Schools, Educational Quality
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Mayo, J. B., Jr.; Chhuon, Vichet – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2014
The effective recruitment and retention of faculty of color continue to present major challenges to universities, in part, because the normal search process in higher education has been largely unsuccessful at diversifying faculty. Therefore, universities have implemented alternative strategies to recruit and retain scholars of color, including…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Minority Group Teachers, Faculty Recruitment, Mentors
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Welkener, Michelle M. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2013
This article focuses on the connections between the cognitive dimension of human meaning-making and creativity, using a metaphor from the artistic process of additive sculpture as a framework. The author weaves together various theoretical perspectives about cognition and creativity and shares the promise of recognizing the nexus of these notions…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Schemata (Cognition), Creativity, Correlation
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