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Alam, Abdullah; Ahmad, Mushtaq – International Journal of Educational Management, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of instructional leadership, professional communities and extra "non-teaching" responsibilities for teachers on student achievement. Design/Methodology/Approach: For a sample of 214 teachers from 88 primary schools in Pakistan, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Communities of Practice, Teacher Responsibility, Academic Achievement