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ERIC Number: EJ808083
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep-10
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1529-8094
Is Music "Colorful"? A Study of the Effects of Age and Musical Literacy on Children's Notational Color Expressions
Elkoshi, Rivka
International Journal of Education & the Arts, v5 n2 p1-19 Sep 2004
This eight-year study represents a pioneering effort to investigate color expression in children's graphic notations at two stages of development: "Pre-literate" (age: 7.0-8.5), before students received school music instruction, and "Post-literate" (age: 14.0-15.5), three years after students acquired Standard Notation in school, and to consider the effects of age and musical literacy on notational color expressions. Two meetings with Israeli/Jewish schoolchildren were held along a course of eight years: The first meeting with 46 second-graders (1995); the second meeting with 33 ninth-graders (2003). Of these, 17 students participated in two meetings. All participants acquired Standard Notation in their sixth-grade. In each meeting, subjects performed a musical phrase called "Timbre", represented it graphically and explained their notations. Seventy-nine notations were collected and analyzed by MSC ("Morphological, Structural, Conceptual") method of interpretation (Elkoshi, 2000, 2002, 2004). Based on MSC, notations were classified under four categories: A ("Association"), P ("Pictogram"), F ("Formal" response), and G ("Gestalt" expression). Results show that the "conceptual" sub-division of the musical phrase into fragments (G) is color related, whereas the "conceptual perception" of the chronological sequence (F) is shape rather than color related. "Associations" (including Synesthesia) is probably age related. Post-literate notational color expressions were not affected by musical literacy. (Contains 1 figure, 3 tables and 29 footnotes.)
International Journal of Education & the Arts. 1310 South 6th Street, Champaign, IL 61820. Tel: 402-472-9958; Fax: 402-472-2837; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 2; Grade 9
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel