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Hedges, Helen; Cooper, Maria – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
International debates persist about what constitutes desirable outcomes from early childhood education experiences. The New Zealand early childhood curriculum brings together academic and social-pedagogic outcomes as interdependent holistic constructs named "dispositions" and "working theories". These constructs are complex…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Curriculum, Holistic Approach
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Boyd, Pete – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
Learning conversations, dialogic interactions with adults, are important opportunities for children to develop their thinking as well as their speech and language skills. This area of teachers' practice is informed by a well-established body of research evidence and professional guidance literature. The design and facilitation of this practitioner…
Descriptors: Teacher Researchers, Dialogs (Language), Preschool Teachers, Classroom Communication
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Moss, Peter – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
The new Labour government that entered office in 1997 made early childhood education and care (ECEC) a policy priority, after decades of neglect. The article provides an overview of the subsequent policy developments, looking at three areas in more detail: governance and finance; the organisation and management of services; and the workforce. It…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Policy, Educational Opportunities, Educational Finance
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Sherwood, Gina; Nind, Melanie A. – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
The aim of this paper is to present a way of supporting parents that can lead to positive outcomes for families. The findings and processes from a study in England of six parents' experiences of support services for their young children with special needs are discussed in making the case that co-constructing the stories of parent and researcher…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parents, Experience, Related Services (Special Education)
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Aunio, Pirjo; Korhonen, Johan; Bashash, Laaya; Khoshbakht, Fariba – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This research investigates similarities and differences in young children's early numeracy skills related to age, nationality and gender. The participants were five- to seven-year-old children from Finland and Iran. Early numeracy was investigated by using tasks measuring number-related relational skills (e.g. comparison, one-to-one…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Numeracy, Children, Investigations
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Björklund, Camilla – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This article reports on a small-scale investigation of how teachers organise goal-oriented learning in Swedish preschools. The revised Swedish curriculum (National Agency for Education 2011) highlights the need for children to develop their mathematics skills through activities that integrate play and learning. This study investigates how…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Teaching Methods, Early Childhood Education, Problem Solving
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Bankovic, Ivana – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This article explores early childhood professionalism in the Republic of Serbia. The concept of professionalism in this context is examined in light of current international debates about professionalism. More specifically, how the use of specific nomenclature, the existence of multi-professional teams of practitioners and state-regulated but…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Rearing, Child Care, Teaching Conditions
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Gunnarsdottir, Bryndis – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
Iceland has a strong tradition of universal public early childhood education and care (ECEC) services for children. The traditional pedagogy is founded on play-based learning with the holistic view of the development of the child is central to practice. With increased interest in education following the 2008 financial crisis, there are signs that…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Play, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries
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Ang, Lynn – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
Early childhood education and care (ECEC) has become a national priority in many countries. Governments across Europe and the Asia-Pacific region have placed considerable emphasis on the development of policy documents and national initiatives to improve the quality of services for young children and families. This paper presents findings from a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Educational Policy
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Tazouti, Youssef; Jarlégan, Annette – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
The present research tests the hypothesis that parental values and educational practices are intermediary variables between the socio-economic status (SES) of families and early learning in children. Our empirical study was based on 299 parents with children in their final year at eight French kindergartens. We constructed an explanatory…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Kindergarten
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Hegde, Archana V.; Sugita, Chisato; Crane-Mitchell, Linda; Averett, Paige – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This study explored Japanese day nursery and kindergarten teachers' beliefs and practices regarding developmentally appropriate practices. Data were collected using in-depth interviews. Teacher interviews provided insights into the merger of the childcare and education systems of Japan. Six themes emerged from the analysis of the day nursery and…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Role Models
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Adriany, Vina; Warin, Jo – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
Globally, the child-centred approach to education has influenced practitioners' views of young children as having democratic rights. A key principle of this concept is the belief that each child is unique and can only be compared in relation to their own performance. Here we employ a feminist poststructuralist approach to critique the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Teachers, Gender Differences, Caring
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Zada, Khan – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
This paper presents a critical account of early childhood education (ECE) in Pakistan. It moves from a general review of the benefits of ECE to focus on the issues and challenges connected to the professional development of early childhood teachers. It highlights problems encountered in developing practitioners who are highly skilled in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Educational Benefits, Faculty Development
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Thao, Dang Phuong; Boyd, Wendy Anne – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
Since 2003, the Vietnamese government has prioritised curriculum reform efforts and commitment to improving the quality of the national curriculum. The Vietnamese early childhood education renovation has encountered considerable changes and challenges, particularly in the area of pedagogical approaches. Many early childhood teachers continue to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Curriculum Development, National Curriculum, Educational Change
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Kukk, Airi; Õun, Tiia; Ugaste, Aino – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2014
In multicultural societies, much attention is given to children's language learning possibilities. In Estonia, the early language immersion programme for kindergarten children was started in the year 2000. The programme, while considered to be successful, has raised the question of whether the children participating in it are adequately prepared…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Kindergarten, Immersion Programs, Foreign Countries
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