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Chopra, Neelima – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2016
Schools run by Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) play a pivotal role in providing early childhood education to young children belonging to marginalized sections of Delhi. However, literature review reveals that low learning outcomes are common among children attending these schools. Low levels of learning are often associated with poor quality…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Quality, Investigations
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Vaijayanti, K.; Subramanian, Mathangi – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2015
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) recently reported that the world's population is shifting to its cities. India is no exception. Throughout the country, an increasing number of migrants are leaving agricultural lifestyles in search of economic and educational opportunities, often relocating to non-notified slums. Despite the fact that many…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Slums, Urban Areas, Poverty
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Chopra, Neelima – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2012
Early years is the period of rapid physical and mental growth wherein the foundation for the child's development is laid and therefore, these years are considered extremely critical for the overall development of the child. Given the critical significance of these early childhood years, it is imperative for every child to get the opportunity to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Intervention, Early Childhood Education, Young Children
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Prochner, Larry; Cleghorn, Ailie; Green, Nicole – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2008
This paper draws on the comparative and qualitative data from a triple case study carried out in three semi-rural early childhood education centres in Canada, India, and South Africa. The primary objective of this four year study was to provide in-depth understanding of the ways in which policy, practice, and culture intersect in semi-rural…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Foreign Countries, Space Utilization, Comparative Education
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Guha, Smita – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2006
The objective of this small study was to elicit responses from early childhood teachers in India on mathematics learning strategies and to measure the extent of finger counting technique adopted by the teachers in teaching young children. Specifically, the research focused on the effective ways of teaching mathematics to children in India, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Teaching Methods, Learning Strategies
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Rao, K. N.; Ratnamala, V.; Smith, Brigid – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1998
Describes the development and evaluation of new classroom materials, including a Class 1 textbook, teacher textbook, and eight supplementary readers, designed to teach children in India to read and write in Telugu. Notes that in schools using the new materials, children showed significant learning gains, and teachers and parents were highly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Instructional Material Evaluation, Material Development, Primary Education
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Swaminathan, Mina – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1996
Describes the history of early childhood education in India from the 1890s to the present. Presents current programs ranging from Integrated Child Development Services serving over 10 million children to small, innovative programs in local communities, noted for flexibility and responsiveness to local needs. Examines findings from innovative…
Descriptors: Community Involvement, Community Programs, Day Care, Early Childhood Education
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Shastri, Jigisha; Mohite, Prerana – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1997
Classified primary students in India into light, moderate, and heavy television viewers (controlling for socioeconomic status) and assessed them for either academic performance or cognitive skills, using various instruments. Found no significant differences among groups, but light viewers performed significantly better on oral reading; results may…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Children, Cognitive Ability, Foreign Countries
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Verma, Amita – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1994
Provides a history of early childhood care and education in pre- and postindependent India. Outlines current education schemes and examines the contribution of research to this area, suggesting that the current interaction between researcher and policymaker may result in more concrete promotion of early childhood programs. (TJQ)
Descriptors: Caregiver Training, Child Caregivers, Day Care, Early Childhood Education
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International Journal of Early Years Education, 1994
Reviews the following books on early childhood education: (1) "Structural Adjustment Policy and the Child in India. Proceedings of a Seminar held in Madras on December 23, 1992" (M. S. Swaminathan Research Institute); (2) "Classroom Pedagogy and Primary Practice" (David McNamara); and (3) "The Early Years: Laying the…
Descriptors: Book Reviews, Child Welfare, Classroom Research, Early Childhood Education
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Verma, Suman – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1995
Examines possible solutions for improving the status of children in India. Suggests that there is a need to focus on child rights issues related to public awareness, attitudinal change, political commitment, mass sensitization, and outreach. Suggests an appropriate strategy for the restoration of the rights of children in India. (AA)
Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Child Health, Child Labor, Child Neglect
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Siraj-Blatchford, Iram – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1994
Reports on a United Nations appraisal of the preschool component of India's Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). Discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the program, the efficacy of preschool programs in India, and the role of staff training, calling for the upgrading of initial and on-the-job training. (MDM)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Early Childhood Education, Federal Programs, Foreign Countries
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Swaminathan, Mina – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1994
Examines the history and current status of early childhood teacher training in India. Describes the Bal Sevika Training program, launched in 1961, and the Integrated Child Development Services program, instituted in 1975 to provide a wide range of educational and nutritional services to preschool children and their families. (MDM)
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational History, Educational Innovation, Family Programs
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Smith, Brigid – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1994
This paper compares first-grade education projects in rural India and Pakistan that have attempted to shift from rote learning of texts to an active, experiential, child-centered approach to literacy learning. Examples of successful approaches and techniques, as well as implications for literacy programs in general, are discussed. (MDM)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Experiential Learning, Foreign Countries, Grade 1
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Muralidharan, Rajalakshmi; Kaur, Paramjeet – International Journal of Early Years Education, 1995
Reports the rationale, objectives, tools, and achievements of Project Motivation, which helps disadvantaged primary school children in Delhi, India, to develop required competencies through a child-to-child approach. Middle-grade children were oriented to work with the younger children, and these older children developed a positive self-concept…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Competence, Disadvantaged Youth