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ERIC Number: EJ1280581
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2021
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1034-912X
Development of Functional Performance in Children with Down Syndrome: A Longitudinal Age-Cohort Study Applying the PEDI Domains
Dolva, Anne-Stine; Kleiven, Jo
International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, v68 n1 p136-149 2021
The domains of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) cover self-care, mobility and social function. Employing this inventory as an operational definition of functional performance of everyday life activities, this performance in an age-cohort of children with Down syndrome (DS) was measured at ages 5, 7 (n = 43) and 14 (n = 38). Compared with the performance of typically developing 5-year-olds, this sample was considerably delayed in all three PEDI domains. Improvements were slightly higher from age 5 to age 7, but they continued up to 14 years. Individual differences are evident, however, and also increase considerably with age. A suggested DS functional performance profile receives only partial support. This article argues that observed domain differences should be regarded as a property of the measurement scales, not as a characteristic of the sample. The recognition of substantial individual differences of children with DS is important to rehabilitation.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Pediatric Evaluation of Disabilities Inventory