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A Trial Evaluation of SWELL (Schoolwide Early Language and Literacy): A Whole Class Early Literacy Program for At-Risk and Disadvantaged Children.
Center, Yola; Freeman, Louella – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 1997
A study evaluated the Schoolwide Early Language and Literacy (SWELL) program using four Australian disadvantaged schools. Two schools implemented the program in the kindergarten year, while the other two schools pursued regular kindergarten curriculum. Children in the program outperformed others on words read in context, but not on words read in…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Context Clues, Disadvantaged Environment, Economically Disadvantaged
The Relative Effect of a Code-Oriented and a Meaning-Oriented Early Literacy Program on Regular and Low Progress Australian Students in Year 1 Classrooms Which Implement Reading Recovery.
Center, Yola; Freeman, Louella; Robertson, Gregory – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2001
A study found that all regular and reading recovery students (n=150) participating in a code-oriented program, Schoolwide Early Learning and Literacy (SWELL), significantly outperformed counterparts (n=163) on tests measuring pseudoword decoding, reading connected text, invented spelling, and a standardized reading measure at the end of Year 1.…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Foreign Countries, Individualized Instruction, Invented Spelling