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ERIC Number: EJ1250820
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1034-912X
Intervention of Medical (Therapeutic) Clowns in a Kindergarten for Children with Intellectual Disability: A Case Study
Feniger-Schaal, Rinat; Citron, Atay; Mittlelberg, Esti; Ben Eli, Yuval
International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, v67 n3 p293-305 2020
In recent years, there is growing evidence for the efficacy of medical clowning as a para-medical profession. In the present study, we explored the possibility of expanding the work of medical clowns into the special education system, hypothesising that medical clowns can contribute to the development of socio-emotional abilities of children with intellectual disability (ID). Two medical clowns worked with 50 children in a kindergarten cluster for children aged 3-7 with ID for 6 months. All clowning sessions were videotaped and coded using the Test of Playfulness (ToP) observation instrument. Parents and the clowns were interviewed about the children's participation. This preliminary report presents a case study of one of the children who participated in the study. The level of playfulness after the intervention increased compared to the baseline, including social skills, use of humour and pretend play, flexibility and engagement. The mother's interview indicates the unique gains of the clown's intervention. The preliminary results point to the importance of clowning and free-play for children with ID, and expand the possibilities for interacting with children with ID to enhance their socio-emotional abilities.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Kindergarten; Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales