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Waite, Jane Lisa; Curzon, Paul; Marsh, William; Sentance, Sue; Hadwen-Bennett, Alex – International Journal of Computer Science Education in Schools, 2018
Research indicates that understanding levels of abstraction (LOA) and being able to move between the levels is essential to programming success. For K-5 contexts LOA levels have been named: problem, design, code and running the code. In a qualitative exploratory study, five K-5 teachers were interviewed on their uses of LOA, particularly the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Programming, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Computation