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Ghisletta, Paolo; Mason, Fabio; von Oertzen, Timo; Hertzog, Christopher; Nilsson, Lars-Göran; Lindenberger, Ulman – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Growth models (GM) of the mixed-effects and latent curve varieties have become popular methodological tools in lifespan research. One of the major advantages of GM is their flexibility in studying individual differences in change. We scrutinized the change functions of GM used in five years of publications on cognitive aging. Of the 162…
Descriptors: Growth Models, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Aging (Individuals)
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Collie, Rebecca J. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
The aim of the current article is to extend prior conceptualizing by presenting a model of social and emotional competence that recognizes both the mechanisms and the manifestations of social and emotional competence. The Social and Emotional Competence School Model draws together conceptual underpinnings from the social and emotional competence…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Interpersonal Competence, Psychological Needs
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Warren, Michael T.; Wray-Lake, Laura; Shubert, Jennifer – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Despite abundant research on the benefits of dispositional mindfulness and mindfulness-based interventions, little is known about the naturally occurring developmental course of mindful awareness. Given dramatic strides during adolescence in competencies that may support mindfulness (e.g., emotion regulation), the high school years are a suitable…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Metacognition, High School Students
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Rickert, Nicolette P.; Skinner, Ellen A.; Roeser, Robert W. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
In response to growing interest in mindfulness as a support for educators, the current study sought to create and test a new multidimensional and multi-informant measure of teacher mindfulness in the classroom. To counter some of the limitations of context-general self-reports, we designed two theoretically based classroom-specific measures that…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Middle School Students, Middle School Teachers, Teacher Behavior
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Emerson, Lisa-Marie; de Diaz, Natalja Nabinger; Sherwood, Ashra; Waters, Allison; Farrell, Lara – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Research on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) has proliferated in recent years and the integration of mindfulness-based programs in school settings has been at the forefront of implementation research. Recent reviews of studies evaluating the efficacy of school-based mindfulness programs have produced mixed findings, which may in part be due…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Integrity, Educational Environment, Intervention
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Colaianne, Blake A.; Galla, Brian M.; Roeser, Robert W. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
The purpose of this study was to examine how student perceptions of mindful teaching are associated with changes in students' mindfulness, self-compassion, and compassion for others across a single high school year. We hypothesized two pathways of effect: a direct path whereby when high school students perceive their teachers as demonstrating…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Student Attitudes, Outcomes of Education, Daily Living Skills
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Abujaradeh, Hiba; Colaianne, Blake A.; Roeser, Robert W.; Tsukayama, Eli; Galla, Brian M. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Little is known about whether a widely used mindfulness measure in adults--the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)--is also reliable and valid in adolescents. The current study evaluated the psychometric properties of a 20-item short-form FFMQ in a sample of 599 high school students (M[subscript age] = 16.3 years; 49% female) living in the…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Questionnaires, Adolescents, Factor Structure
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Clear, Sarah J.; Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie J.; Duffy, Amanda L.; Barber, Bonnie L. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Drawing from dispositional mindfulness research and stress and coping theories, we tested whether adolescents' dispositional mindfulness was associated with perceptions of peer victimization and exclusion and internalizing symptoms. We further explored the role of dispositional mindfulness as a protective factor buffering the impact of peer…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Metacognition, Bullying, Adolescents
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Kloo, Daniela; Kristen-Antonow, Susanne; Sodian, Beate – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
In a longitudinal study (N = 54), we investigated the developmental relation between children's implicit and explicit theory of mind and executive functions. We found that implicit false belief understanding at 18 months was correlated with explicit false belief understanding at 4 to 5 years of age, with the latter being closely related to…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Theory of Mind, Beliefs, Young Children
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Fogarty, Alison; Giallo, Rebecca; Wood, Catherine; Kaufman, Jordy; Brown, Stephanie – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) during childhood is a risk factor for poor emotional-behavioral functioning. Despite this, many children show resilience in the face of IPV exposure. The current study aimed to identify characteristics associated with positive emotional-behavioral outcomes in 4-year-old children exposed to IPV in early…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Resilience (Psychology), Family Violence
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Hirai, Masahiro; Muramatsu, Yukako; Nakamura, Miho – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Previous studies show that newborn infants and adults orient their attention preferentially toward human faces. However, the developmental changes of visual attention captured by face stimuli remain unclear, especially when an explicit top-down process is involved. We capitalized on a visual search paradigm to assess how the relative strength of…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Attention, Visual Perception, Children
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Silverman, Irwin W. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Evolutionary theory and several lines of evidence suggest that the motive to establish positive relationships with others is stronger in females than males. Accordingly, it was predicted that in young children, girls would be more likely than boys to comply with their mothers' directives. To test this prediction, the present meta-analysis examined…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Young Children, Compliance (Psychology), Mothers
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Gatica-Domínguez, Giovanna; Rothenberg, Stephen J.; Torres-Sánchez, Luisa; Schnaas, Lourdes; Stein, Aryeh D.; Schmidt, Rebecca J.; López-Carrillo, Lizbeth – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Prenatal folate and vitamin B[subscript 12] status have been linked to child neuropsychological development, but less is known about maternal genetic influences on this association. We conducted an exploratory longitudinal study of 181 mother--child pairs to assess whether maternal MTHFR 677C>T genotype modifies the association between maternal…
Descriptors: Prenatal Influences, Child Development, Genetics, Mothers
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Little, Todd D.; Chang, Rong; Gorrall, Britt K.; Waggenspack, Luke; Fukuda, Eriko; Allen, Patricia J.; Noam, Gil G. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
We revisit the merits of the retrospective pretest-posttest (RPP) design for repeated-measures research. The underutilized RPP method asks respondents to rate survey items twice during the same posttest measurement occasion from two specific frames of reference: "now" and "then." Individuals first report their current attitudes…
Descriptors: Pretesting, Alternative Assessment, Program Evaluation, Evaluation Methods
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Hill, Laura G. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Retrospective pretests ask respondents to report after an intervention on their aptitudes, knowledge, or beliefs before the intervention. A primary reason to administer a retrospective pretest is that in some situations, program participants may over the course of an intervention revise or recalibrate their prior understanding of program content,…
Descriptors: Pretesting, Response Style (Tests), Bias, Testing Problems
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