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Zhai, Tina; Bailey, Phoebe E.; Rogers, Kris D.; Kneebone, Ian I. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in younger adults. Participants were 212 younger adults age M = 22 (range = 17-53) years. They completed a demographic information questionnaire and self-report measures: the GAI, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS), the Generalized Anxiety…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Psychometrics, Late Adolescents, Adults
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Hilley, Chanler D.; O'Rourke, Holly P. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
Researchers in behavioral sciences are often interested in longitudinal behavior change outcomes and the mechanisms that influence changes in these outcomes over time. The statistical models that are typically implemented to address these research questions do not allow for investigation of mechanisms of dynamic change over time. However, latent…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Research Methodology, Longitudinal Studies, Behavior Change
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Taylor, Laura K.; O'Driscoll, Dean; Merrilees, Christine E.; Goeke-Morey, Marcie; Shirlow, Peter; Cummings, E. Mark – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
Following the signing of peace agreements, post-accord societies often remain deeply divided across group lines. There is a need to identify antecedents of youth's support for peace and establish more constructive intergroup relations. This article explored the effect of out-group trust, intergroup forgiveness, and social identity on support for…
Descriptors: Peace, Interpersonal Relationship, Intergroup Relations, Trust (Psychology)
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Endleman, Shari; Brittain, Heather; Vaillancourt, Tracy – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
The directionality and longitudinal course between perfectionism and academic achievement throughout adolescence remains unclear as most studies rely on cross-sectional or short-term data and many examine these associations in university students who do not represent the full spectrum of learners. Moreover, most studies are hampered by their…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Academic Achievement, Case Studies, Correlation
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Windsor, Tim D.; Abbott, Mandy J.; Cations, Monica; Howard, Alexis J.; Wilton-Harding, Bethany – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
People reflect on their own aging, and this subjective awareness has an influence on developmental outcomes. Scholars have recently operationalized subjective aging in terms of awareness of age-related change (AARC), which captures awareness of both gains and losses. We examined associations of AARC-gains and AARC-losses with physical functioning,…
Descriptors: Age, Physical Health, Well Being, Age Differences
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Babcock, Ben; Marks, Peter E. L.; van den Berg, Yvonne H. M.; Cillessen, Antonius H. N. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
A wide variety of methodological choices and situations can affect the quality of peer nomination measurements but have not received adequate study. This article begins by focusing on systematic nominator missingness as an example of one such situation. We reanalyzed findings from a recent study by Bukowski, Dirks, Commisso, Velàsquez, and Lopez…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Peer Relationship, Statistical Analysis, Error Patterns
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O'Connor, Alison M.; Judges, Rebecca A.; Lee, Kang; Evans, Angela D. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
Self-report research indicates that dishonesty decreases across adulthood; however, behavioral measures of dishonesty have yet to be examined across younger and older adults. The present study examined younger and older adults' cheating behaviors in relation to their self-reported honesty-humility. Younger (N = 112) and older adults (N = 85)…
Descriptors: Cheating, Ethics, Age Differences, Deception
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Clerc, Olivier; Fort, Mathilde; Schwarzer, Gudrun; Krasotkina, Anna; Vilain, Anne; Méary, David; Loevenbruck, Hélène; Pascalis, Olivier – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
Between 6 and 9 months, while infant's ability to discriminate faces within their own racial group is maintained, discrimination of faces within other-race groups declines to a point where 9-month-old infants fail to discriminate other-race faces. Such face perception narrowing can be overcome in various ways at 9 or 12 months of age, such as…
Descriptors: Human Body, Infants, Recognition (Psychology), Race
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Pearce, Ellie; Barreto, Manuela; Victor, Christina; Hammond, Claudia; Eccles, Alice M.; Richins, Matthew T.; O'Neil, Alisha; Knowles, Megan L.; Qualter, Pamela – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
Previous experimental work showed that young adults reporting loneliness performed less well on emotion recognition tasks (Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy [DANVA-2]) if they were framed as indicators of social aptitude, but not when the same tasks were framed as indexing academic aptitude. Such findings suggested that undergraduates…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Age Differences, Social Influences, Emotional Response
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Hawkley, Louise C.; Buecker, Susanne; Kaiser, Till; Luhmann, Maike – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
Prior research in non-U.S. samples has found a complex nonlinear relationship between loneliness and age. This research has shown that established predictors of loneliness--poor health, being unmarried, living alone, and having infrequent social interactions--help to explain age differences in loneliness. However, while some variables were found…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Predictor Variables, Age Differences, Adults
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Mund, Marcus; Weidmann, Rebekka; Wrzus, Cornelia; Johnson, Matthew D.; Bühler, Janina Larissa; Burriss, Robert Philip; Wünsche, Jenna; Grob, Alexander – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
Loneliness describes a perceived deficiency in quantitative or qualitative aspects of individuals' social relationships. Whereas the health-related consequences of loneliness are well-documented, surprisingly little is known about its interpersonal features and its consequences for relationship outcomes. In the present study, we investigated the…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Correlation, Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship
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Geukens, Flore; Maes, Marlies; Spithoven, Annette; Pouwels, J. Loes; Danneel, Sofie; Cillessen, Antonius H. N.; van den Berg, Yvonne H. M.; Goossens, Luc – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
Current theories of loneliness posit that biases in social information processing play a key role in the development and maintenance of loneliness. However, this assumption has rarely been tested in longitudinal research in adolescence. The current study concentrated on two constructs associated with such biases, that is, fear of negative…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Secondary School Students, Adolescent Development, Psychological Patterns
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Yang, Keming; Petersen, Kimberly J.; Qualter, Pamela – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
In the current study, data collected from Wave 6 of the Millennium Cohort Study (n = 11,872), a nationally representative sample survey of youth aged 14 years in the UK, are used to examine the prevalence of loneliness among this age-group, investigate the feelings associated with the experience of loneliness among youth, explore the risk factors…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychological Patterns, Early Adolescents, Incidence
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Matthews, Timothy; Fisher, Helen L.; Bryan, Bridget T.; Danese, Andrea; Moffitt, Terrie E.; Qualter, Pamela; Verity, Lily; Arseneault, Louise – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
The present study used quantitative and qualitative methods to explore how lonely young people are seen from others' perspectives, in terms of their personality, behavior, and life circumstances. Data were drawn from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, a cohort of 2,232 individuals born in the U.K. in the mid-1990s. When participants…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Adolescents, Young Adults, At Risk Persons
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Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie J.; Rudolph, Julia; Kerin, Jessica; Bohadana-Brown, Gal – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2022
We conducted a meta-analytic review of 53 studies published between 2000 and 2020 to quantify associations of parents' emotion regulation with parenting behavior and children's emotion regulation and internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Twelve meta-analyses, which included between 4 to 22 effect sizes (N from 345 to 3609), were conducted to…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Emotional Response, Parenting Styles, Self Control
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