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Porter, Mitchell; Choi, Youn-Jeng; Tomek, Sara – International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, 2019
The Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D) has been used for decades to identify symptomatology of depression in individuals. Overtime, the factor structure of the scale has been both confirmed and challenged when applied to different population samples. The present study explores the factor structure in population sample…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Measures (Individuals), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), African Americans