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Stebbings, Josephine A.; Kline, Erin – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2020
This study compared the effectiveness of Orton Gillingham (OG) tutoring and National Institute for Learning Development Educational Therapy (NILD). A randomized controlled trial using 27 participants determined whether academic and cognitive outcomes differed between the groups over a 9-month period. Participants had designated learning…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities, Intervention, Program Effectiveness
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Share, David L. – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2020
The following semi-autobiographical essay tells a cautionary tale about the entrenched Anglocentrism, Eurocentrism, and Alphabetism in reading and reading disabilities (dyslexia) research. Having been born, raised, and educated in an entirely monolingual English-speaking environment, I later migrated to a country where non-European languages…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Dyslexia, Reading Research, Bias
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Ostad, Snorre A. – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2020
Recent studies have concluded that children's development of private speech (private speech internalization) is related to and important for developing mathematical ability. In this article, we review a project consisting of studies exploring the cognitive factors that may underlie differences between the use of private speech by children with…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Cognitive Processes, Inner Speech (Subvocal), Mathematics Achievement
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Galvin, Alexandra; Davis, Georgina; Neumann, Denise; Underwood, Lisa; Peterson, Elizabeth R.; Morton, Susan M. B.; Waldie, Karen E. – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2020
A variety of antenatal risk factors have been established as being detrimental to a child's developing language ability. Our aim was to examine the relationship between exposure to cumulative risk (CR), including antenatal maternal, perinatal, and maternal health characteristics, and children's preschool language ability. Analyses were comprised…
Descriptors: Developmental Delays, Language Impairments, At Risk Persons, Language Skills
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Curcic, Svjetlana; Platt, Sara – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2019
This study examined the effectiveness of a writing intervention with three African American male third graders with a learning disability in reading and low writing skills. The participants were instructed in planning, organizing, writing, editing, and revising, supported by dictation and transcription of students' thoughts with the "Dragon…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Writing Skills, Elementary School Students, African American Students
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Flores, Margaret M.; Kaffar, Bradley J.; Hinton, Vanessa – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2019
Mathematics learning standards across the United States include conceptual knowledge of numbers and use of modeling and explanation within computation. The concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) sequence and the Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) have been shown to be effective in increasing students' fluency in computation, including…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Direct Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Multiplication
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Siegel, Linda S. – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2019
Dyslexia and other learning disabilities are not being properly recognized and treated in our educational system or society at large. Unrecognized and untreated learning disabilities represent a serious social and economic problem, not only to the individual but to society as a whole. For example, antisocial behavior, as seen in prison populations…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Learning Disabilities, Disability Identification, Screening Tests
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Riccomini, Paul J.; Berkeley, Sheri; Neally, Allison; Stagliano, Christina; Kurz, Leigh Ann; Brigham, Frederick – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2019
Oral reading fluency (ORF) assessments measure how quickly and accurately students read within one minute. They are widely used at the elementary level; however, due to the typical structure and class sizes in middle schools, such individualized assessments are less feasible and, therefore, less frequently used. Two exploratory studies…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests, Middle School Students
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Grünke, Matthias; Saddler, Bruce; Asaro-Saddler, Kristie; Moeyaert, Mariola – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2019
Writing becomes increasingly more imperative across all content areas as students progress through secondary school. However, many of them struggle with the complex process of putting thoughts and ideas onto paper or into a keyboard. Adolescents with learning disabilities (LDs), in particular, are usually challenged by writing activities. One…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Writing Skills, Grade 8, Learning Disabilities