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ERIC Number: EJ1216656
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1473-0111
Physical and Virtual Manipulative Framework Conceptions of Undergraduate Pre-Service Teachers
Ortiz, Enrique; Eisenreich, Heidi A.; Tapp, Laura E. K.
International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, v20 n1 p62-84 2019
The goal of this study is to analyze undergraduate elementary school pre-service teachers' conceptions and misconceptions of physical and virtual manipulative materials using an interpretive "framework." The "framework" involved the use of the "Concrete," "Pictorial" and "Abstract cognitive levels" combined with the "Virtual-level," or "CPVA-framework." The "CPVA instrument" was used to answer two research questions related to participants' understanding of "CPVA-levels" using the "framework" during a mathematics methods course. Pre-, post and follow-up test scores were analyzed. The participants demonstrated improvement from pre-test to post- and follow-up-tests. However, this improvement was limited by their understanding of the "Virtual-level."
Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching. 5th Floor Rolle Building, Faculty of Education University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, UK. Tel: +44-1752-585346; Fax: +44-1752-585344; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida