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Ishibashi, Ippo – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2022
Probability is a difficult concept, which is not always taught accurately. This study aims to clarify how experimental and theoretical probabilities are taught in Japanese 7th and 8th grades through a textbook analysis. We analyzed seven, government approved Japanese 7th and 8th grade textbooks each. Focusing on the definition and explanation of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Probability
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Nisawa, Yoshiki – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2021
According to the Programme for International Student Assessment, functions constitute an important part of mathematical literacy. In Japan, students start learning about bivariate relationships in the fourth grade (at the age of 9). However, reports suggest that elementary school students and lower-level secondary school (junior high) students…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Mathematical Concepts, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Watanabe, Nobuki – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2021
Conservation and executive function (EF) are important early childhood skills; however, knowledge about their relationship is scarce. Hence, in this study, this relationship is investigated, and a comparison is conducted between the Piagetian conservation and EF tasks to obtain the total hemoglobin (mMmm) for the left and right brain activity in…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Piagetian Theory, Developmental Stages, Conservation (Concept)
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Uegatani, Yusuke; Nakawa, Nagisa; Kosaka, Masato – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2021
The current study aimed to reveal the changes to the identities of two tenth graders in mathematics learning at a Japanese high school during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of learning from home versus learning in the classroom. The following research questions are raised: How has the pandemic situation affected and changed Japanese…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 10, High School Students, Secondary School Mathematics
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Watanabe, Nobuki – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2019
In recent years, scholars have increasingly advocated the importance of cultivating non-cognitive skills (social and emotional skills) in early childhood, and play is useful in acquiring the skills. Simultaneously, young children also need to acquire mathematical cognitive skills as a learning foundation. However, many researchers have indicated…
Descriptors: Play, Young Children, Family Environment, Social Development
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Cook, Thomas – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2019
The study outlines Japan's positive use of red ink to grade children's homework in order to limit the amount of shame children experience over failures. The psychology of seeing and the psychodynamics of self-conscious emotions are used to explain the mechanism of Japan's positive versus America's negative shame-inducing grading practices. It…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Grading, Homework, Elementary School Students
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Nisawa, Yoshiki – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2018
Functions is considered an important mathematical literacy concept within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD's) Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), and it has been shown that Japanese junior high school students are experiencing problems understanding functions. This paper examines the difficulty…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Junior High School Students, Difficulty Level, Geometric Concepts