NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1219368
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2146-0329
Environmental Topics and Environmental Ethics in Primary School Humanities and Social Sciences Education during the Late Ottoman Period (1913-1918)
Alabas, Ramazan
International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education, v9 n2 p120-141 2019
Environmental education has been given in various primary school courses in Turkey, predominantly in Life Sciences, Social Sciences, and Science courses. This study, while focusing on the relationship between environment and child education, aims to decipher the roots of environmental education in Turkey. In order to accomplish this task at hand, the article focuses on the early 20th century, in the late Ottoman period, and investigates the topics on environment and environmental ethics in the civics course Lectures on Morality [Musâhabât-i Ahlâkiye] by analyzing the course curriculum and textbooks. The documents of this research are the primary school curriculum of 1913 and 1914 prepared by the Ministry of Education, and the five textbooks of Lectures on Morality. This study is structured with document analysis technique based on quantitative research model. The data gathered from documents were evaluated with content analysis and interpreted accordingly. The article concludes that the education system in the Ottoman Empire of the early 20th century played a crucial role in the development of the idea of 'conserving the environment' and the curriculum and the textbooks of the Lectures of Morality course include for environmental topics. These topics are divided into four main categories in the textbooks of Lectures on Morality: the existence of different livelihoods in the environment and protection of species, raising environmental awareness, utilizing nature and loving animals. The conclusion of the article shows that in the early 20th century, primary school education paid attention and made efforts on environmental literacy and environmental awareness in Turkey.
International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education. Aksaray Universitesi, Egitim Fakultesi, Ilkogretim Bolumu, Kampus, Aksaray 68100, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey