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Sierpinska, Anna; Bobos, Georgeana; Knipping, Christine – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
This paper looks at sources of frustration in students of "prerequisite" mathematics courses (PMC), that is, courses required for admission into undergraduate programs in a large, urban, North American university. The research was based on responses to a questionnaire addressed to students and interviews with students and instructors. In the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Student Attitudes, Learning Strategies, Prerequisites
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Winberg, T. Mikael; Hedman, Leif – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Attitudes toward learning (ATL) have been shown to influence students' learning outcomes. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the ways in which the interaction between ATL, the learning situation, and the level of students' prior knowledge influence affective reactions and conceptual change. In this study, a simulation of acid-base…
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Student Attitudes, Prior Learning, Computer Simulation
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Roscoe, Rod D.; Chi, Michelene T. H. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Previous research on peer tutoring has found that students sometimes benefit academically from tutoring other students. In this study we combined quantitative and qualitative analyses to explore how untrained peer tutors learned via explaining and responding to tutee questions in a non-reciprocal tutoring setting. In support of our hypotheses, we…
Descriptors: Tutors, Peer Teaching, Inferences, Tutoring
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Wittwer, Jorg; Nuckles, Matthias; Renkl, Alexander – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Although prior research has shown that experts tend to overestimate or underestimate what laypersons actually know, little is known about the specific consequences of biased estimations for communication. To investigate the impact of biased estimations of a layperson's knowledge on the effectiveness of experts' explanations, we conducted a…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Misconceptions, Lay People, Bias
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Randler, Christoph; Kranich, Konstanze; Eisele, Monika – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
In this study, we compared a traditional teaching sequence (four distinct lessons) with a block schedule dealing with the ecological adaptations of the water lily. The educational unit contained original plant material and both experimental groups received the same tasks and working sheets. Pupils worked together in groups of three to four pupils…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Block Scheduling, Educational Experiments, Biology
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Sarfo, Frederick Kwaku; Elen, Jan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
This study aimed at experimentally investigating the moderating role of instructional conceptions on the effectiveness of powerful learning environments (PLE) designed in line with the four-component instructional design model (4C/ID-model). The study also investigated the influence of learning in a 4C/ID PLE on students' instructional…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Quasiexperimental Design, Instructional Design
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Hilbert, Tatjana S.; Renkl, Alexander – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Concept maps consist of nodes that represent concepts and links that represent relationships between concepts. Various studies have shown that concept mapping fosters meaningful learning. However, little is known about the specific cognitive processes that are responsible for such mapping effects. In a thinking-aloud study, we analyzed the…
Descriptors: Concept Mapping, Learning Strategies, Cognitive Processes, Training Methods
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Prangsma, Maaike E.; Van Boxtel, Carla A. M.; Kanselaar, Gellof – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Many pupils have difficulties with the abstract verbal information in history lessons. In this study we assessed the value of active construction of multimodal representations of historical phenomena. In an experimental study we compared the learning outcomes of pupils who co-constructed textual representations, visual-textual representations, or…
Descriptors: Computer System Design, Students, History Instruction, Comparative Analysis
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Loyens, Sofie M. M.; Rikers, Remy M. J. P.; Schmidt, Henk G. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
The present study investigated relationships between students' conceptions of constructivist learning on the one hand, and their regulation and processing strategies on the other hand. Students in a constructivist, problem-based learning curriculum were questioned about their conceptions of knowledge construction and self-regulated learning, as…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Educational Psychology, Learning Strategies, Problem Based Learning
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Zhang, Lawrence Jun – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
The study explored English as a Second Language (ESL) learner development. In particular, it focused on investigating learners' understanding of reading and their willingness to be engaged in strategic reading in participatory classroom activities. It also examined possible effects of such pedagogy on reading performance. The context was a…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), English (Second Language), Experimental Groups, Control Groups
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Ardac, Dilek; Unal, Serap – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
The present study examines how changes in the amount of on-screen text will influence student learning from a multimedia instructional unit on basic concepts of coordinate geometry. The relative effectiveness of two different versions (short-text and whole-text) of the instructional unit was examined for students who differed in terms of their…
Descriptors: Memory, Grade 7, Geometry, Multimedia Instruction
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Prosser, Michael; Martin, Elaine; Trigwell, Keith; Ramsden, Paul; Middleton, Heather – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
There has been a growing research debate over the relations between university teaching and research. This paper contributes to that debate by describing the variation in the way university academics' experience research, then linking that empirical evidence with previous work to explicate the relations between variation in research, teaching, and…
Descriptors: Information Transfer, Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Teaching Methods
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Foreman, Nigel; Boyd-Davis, Stephen; Moar, Magnus; Korallo, Liliya; Chappell, Emma – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2008
Historical time and chronological sequence are usually conveyed to pupils via the presentation of semantic information on printed worksheets, events being rote-memorised according to date. We explored the use of virtual environments in which successive historical events were depicted as "places" in time-space, encountered sequentially in…
Descriptors: Computer Graphics, Semantics, History Instruction, Foreign Countries
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Simons, Krista D.; Klein, James D. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2007
This study examined how scaffolds and student achievement levels influence inquiry and performance in a problem-based learning environment. The scaffolds were embedded within a hypermedia program that placed students at the center of a problem in which they were trying to become the youngest person to fly around the world in a balloon. One-hundred…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Problem Based Learning, Hypermedia, Program Effectiveness
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Koichu, Boris; Berman, Abraham; Moore, Michael – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2007
The relationships between heuristic literacy development and mathematical achievements of middle school students were explored during a 5-month classroom experiment in two 8th grade classes (N = 37). By heuristic literacy we refer to an individual's capacity to use heuristic vocabulary in problem-solving discourse and to approach scholastic…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Mathematics Education, Heuristics, Aptitude Tests
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