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Wolff, Charlotte E.; Jarodzka, Halszka; van den Bogert, Niek; Boshuizen, Henny P. A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Visual expertise has been explored in numerous professions, but research on teachers' vision remains limited. Teachers' visual expertise is an important professional skill, particularly the ability to simultaneously perceive and interpret classroom situations for effective classroom management. This skill is complex and relies on an awareness of…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Eye Movements, Expertise, Protocol Analysis
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van de Kamp, Marie-Thérèse; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Visual arts education focuses on creating original visual art products. A means to improve originality is enhancement of divergent thinking, indicated by fluency, flexibility and originality of ideas. In regular arts lessons, divergent thinking is mostly promoted through brainstorming. In a previous study, we found positive effects of an explicit…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Creative Activities, Creative Thinking, Intervention
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Mok, Wilson Shun; Chan, Winnie Wai – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Testing has been found to facilitate students' long-term retention of information. However, the learning performance of highly test-anxious students can be impaired by tests. Thus, these students may learn ineffectively in a testing context. By contrast, summary writing may not trigger test anxiety and is therefore another learning strategy to…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Early Adolescents, Anxiety, Likert Scales
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van der Meij, Hans; van der Meij, Jan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This study investigates the design and effectiveness of a video tutorial for software training. In accordance with demonstration-based training, the tutorial consisted of a series of task demonstrations, with instructional features added to enhance learning. An experiment is reported in which a demonstration-only control condition was compared…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Computer Software, Training, Demonstrations (Educational)
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Kim, ChanMin; Bennekin, Kimberly N. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
The purposes of this study were to investigate (a) the effects of volition support (VoS) on students' motivation, effort regulation, and performance as well as (b) the perceptions of students about VoS in an online mathematics course offered at a community college. VoS was developed based on the theories of and research on volition (e.g., Corno…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Online Courses, Student Motivation
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Zoupidis, Anastasios; Pnevmatikos, Dimitrios; Spyrtou, Anna; Kariotoglou, Petros – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
The aim of the present study was twofold. First, we aimed to replicate the findings of previous studies which had showed a substantial improvement on procedural and epistemological knowledge after direct instruction and their maintenance in time. Second, we aimed to examine the dynamic relationships of the procedural (control of variables…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Grade 5, Questionnaires, Path Analysis
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Wallerstedt, Cecilia; Pramling, Niklas – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
In the present study we investigate what problems adolescents in year-nine compulsory school face when trying to learn to play a song together, how they take on these, and how their teacher responds to these problems. The studied practice, where students are to form a band and learn to play a song together in music class, is an example of…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Informal Education, Grade 8, Adolescents
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Vogel, Freydis; Kollar, Ingo; Ufer, Stefan; Reichersdorfer, Elisabeth; Reiss, Kristina; Fischer, Frank – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Collaboration scripts and heuristic worked examples are effective means to scaffold university freshmen's mathematical argumentation skills. Yet, which collaborative learning processes are responsible for these effects has remained unclear. Learners presumably will gain the most out of collaboration if the collaborators refer to each other's…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Skill Development, Mathematics Skills, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Kim, So Mi; Hannafin, Michael J. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
This study examined how differing instructional scaffolding influenced the actual use of evaluation skills to improve argumentation quality during college science inquiry. Source representation scaffolds supported multi-faceted reflection of complex source properties while managing cognitive load. Students were given an online annotation tool…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Evaluation Methods, Persuasive Discourse, College Science
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Bathgate, Meghan; Schunn, Christian – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Overall interest in science has been argued to drive learner participation and engagement. However, there are other important aspects of interest such as breadth of interest within a science domain (e.g., biology, earth science). We demonstrate that intensity of science interest is separable from topic breadth using surveys from a sample of 600…
Descriptors: Science Interests, Middle School Students, Student Surveys, Regression (Statistics)
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Wong, Lung-Hsiang; King, Ronnel B.; Chai, Ching Sing; Liu, May – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Second language learners are typically hampered by the lack of a natural environment to use the target language for authentic communication purpose (as a means for "learning by applying"). Thus, we propose MyCLOUD, a mobile-assisted seamless language learning approach that aims to nurture a second language social network that bridges…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Chinese, Educational Environment, Social Networks
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van Amelsvoort, Marije; Maes, Alfons – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
In argument diagrams, perceptual cues are important to aid understanding. However, we do not know what perceptual cues are used and produced to aid understanding. We present two studies in which we investigate (1) which spatial, graphical and textual elements people spontaneously use in creating for-against argument diagrams, and (2) how people…
Descriptors: Opinions, Cues, Visual Aids, Persuasive Discourse
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Wang, Shijuan; Murota, Masao – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
The effects of active peer-peer interaction on the generation of new hypotheses or models and the increase of new solutions have attracted widespread attention. Therefore, the peer discussion portion of peer instruction is supposedly effective in developing students' creativity. However, few empirical research involves how to adapt peer…
Descriptors: Creativity, Creative Activities, Technical Education, Integrated Activities
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Emad, Gholam Reza; Roth, Wolff-Michael – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Situated learning theories such as communities of practice provide a rich conceptual framework for analyzing the processes by which newcomers become full participants in the communities they enter. However, some research shows that these concepts have shortcomings for theorizing learning in formal educational settings especially when it comes to…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Adult Education, Educational Practices, Learning Theories
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Danish, Joshua A.; Saleh, Asmalina – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
We report on a design based research study exploring how the organization of classroom activity impacts early elementary students' critical criteria for evaluating representations in science class. The ability to critique representations produced by others as well as one's own is an important practice when working with representations. Effective…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Grade 1, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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