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ERIC Number: EJ1224818
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0020-4277
Cognitive Ability and Cognitive Style: Finding a Connection through Resource Use Behavior
Toomey, Natalie; Heo, Misook
Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, v47 n4 p481-498 Aug 2019
The goal of this study was to investigate cognitive style (the visualizer-verbalizer dimension) and cognitive ability (spatial and verbal abilities) in terms of corresponding resource use behavior. The study further examined the potential link between cognitive style and cognitive ability based on observable behavior. A total of 67 university students participated in the study by completing an online survey containing a series of questionnaires, tests, and tasks, which assessed their cognitive style, cognitive ability, and resource use behavior. Multinomial logistic regression analyses revealed that cognitive style in general predicts resource use behavior. The findings also showed that spatial ability, particularly lower spatial ability, predicts resource use behavior. This study thus contributes to the literature with theory-based, empirical evidence that cognitive ability is reflected in cognitive style. This study further provides information needed to better understand the interplay between individuals' cognitive style and cognitive ability and how these may be addressed in the design and implementation of learning environments.
Springer. Available from: Springer Nature. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A