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Leopold, Claudia; Doerner, Marcel; Leutner, Detlev; Dutke, Stephan – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
In two experiments, we compared effects of instructions that encourage learners to create referential connections between words and pictures with instructions that distract learners from creating referential connections. In Experiment 1, students read a scientific text under four conditions. In the text-picture condition, students read the…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Processes, Learning Strategies, Educational Experiments