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Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E.; Jordan, Rebecca; Eberbach, Catherine; Sinha, Suparna – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
In this paper, we share results from a classroom intervention that used a conceptual representation to support reasoning about ecosystems. Engaging students in modeling allows them to make their ideas visible while being malleable and available for discussion, which enables students to make meaning out of systems. Further, the…
Descriptors: Systems Approach, Thinking Skills, Ecology, Models
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Schenke, Katerina; Richland, Lindsey E. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Drawing comparisons between students' alternative solution strategies to a single mathematics problem is a powerful yet challenging instructional practice. We examined 80 preservice teachers' when asked to design a short lesson when given a problem and two student solutions--one correct and one incorrect. These micro-teaching events were…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Microteaching, Comparative Analysis
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Toh, Pee Li Leslie; Kapur, Manu – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
A critical assumption made in Kapur's ("Instr Sci" 40:651-672, 2012) productive failure design is that students have the necessary prerequisite knowledge resources to generate and explore solutions to problems before learning the targeted concept. Through two quasi-experimental studies, we interrogated this assumption in the context of…
Descriptors: Prerequisites, Prior Learning, Problem Solving, Failure
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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Prior research shows that representational competencies that enable students to use graphical representations to reason and solve tasks is key to learning in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. We focus on two types of representational competencies: (1) "sense making" of connections by verbally explaining how…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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van den Bogaart, Antoine C. M.; Schaap, Harmen; Hummel, Hans G. K.; Kirschner, Paul A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
This article presents the use of personal professional theories (PPTs) in Dutch higher vocational education. PPTs are internalised bodies of formal and practical knowledge and convictions that professionals use to direct their behaviour. With the aid of high-quality representations of students' PPTs teachers can access, monitor, and support the…
Descriptors: Concept Mapping, Interviews, Schemata (Cognition), Higher Education
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Kwon, Kyungbin; Park, Su Jin – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
An online discussion facilitates students' higher order thinking in online classes, especially when adopted with the instructor's guidance. The current experimental study examined the effects of two different discussion representation tools (social and cognitive diagrams) on students' discussion behaviors. The social diagram emphasized…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Thinking Skills, Group Discussion, Online Courses
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Yoon, Susan A.; Anderson, Emma; Koehler-Yom, Jessica; Evans, Chad; Park, Miyoung; Sheldon, Josh; Schoenfeld, Ilana; Wendel, Daniel; Scheintaub, Hal; Klopfer, Eric – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
The recent next generation science standards in the United States have emphasized learning about complex systems as a core feature of science learning. Over the past 15 years, a number of educational tools and theories have been investigated to help students learn about complex systems; but surprisingly, little research has been devoted to…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Teacher Attitudes, Educational Technology, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Solis, S. Lynneth; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Cuzzolino, Megan Powell – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Understanding complex systems requires reasoning about causal relationships that behave or appear to behave probabilistically. Features such as distributed agency, large spatial scales, and time delays obscure co-variation relationships and complex interactions can result in non-deterministic relationships between causes and effects that are best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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Tripto, Jaklin; Assaraf, Orit Ben; Snapir, Zohar; Amit, Miriam – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
This study follows two groups of students (67 in all) through the 3 years of their high school biology education and examines the development of their systems thinking--specifically their models of the human body as a system. Both groups were composed of biology majors, but the students in one group also participated in a PBLbased extension…
Descriptors: Human Body, High School Students, Biology, Models
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Danish, Joshua; Saleh, Asmalina; Andrade, Alejandro; Bryan, Branden – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Our paper builds on the construct of the zone of proximal development (ZPD) (Vygotsky in Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1978) to analyze the relationship between students' answers and the help they receive as they construct them. We report on a secondary analysis of…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Ability, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Cognitive Development
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Chinn, Clark A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
This commentary on the special issue, entitled "Models and Tools for Systems Learning and Instruction," highlights the accomplishments of the papers in this collection. It also points to some avenues for further strengthening research on promoting systems understanding. Collectively, the papers make advances in our understanding of how…
Descriptors: Systems Approach, Teaching Methods, Evaluation Methods, Coding
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Stewart, Olivia G.; Jordan, Michelle E. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Recent scholarship highlights the wealth of varied and interconnected opportunities for learning science that informal environments can provide; yet, participants with different experiences, knowledge, and backgrounds do not all learn in the same ways. Thus, studies are needed that examine how particular participants take up learning opportunities…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Environment, Science Education, STEM Education
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Sunny, Cijy Elizabeth; Taasoobshirazi, Gita; Clark, Lauren; Marchand, Gwen – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Stereotype threat theory (STT) offers one explanation for achievement differences in math and science for both women and minority students. Specifically, STT posits that the perceived risk of confirming a negative stereotype about an individual's identity group acts as a psychological burden that negatively impacts performance. This study examined…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Chemistry, Stereotypes, Test Anxiety
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Fyfe, Emily R.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Recent research highlights the potential benefits of practice without feedback on learner's strategy knowledge. However, most prior work has been conducted in one-on-one settings with short retention intervals. We compared the effects of mathematics practice with and without correct-answer feedback on immediate and 1-week delayed performance in a…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Elementary School Mathematics, Drills (Practice), Grade 2
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Likourezos, Vicki; Kalyuga, Slava – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
According to cognitive load theory, using worked examples is an effective and efficient instructional strategy for initial cognitive skill acquisition for novice learners, as it reduces cognitive load and frees up cognitive resources to build task competence. Contrary to this, productive failure (as well as invention learning, desirable…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Direct Instruction
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