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Wilson, Franklin D. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2016
This paper analyzes age and cohort changes in the occupational attainment of Blacks and Whites born in successive decades from 1910 to 1979. Occupational attainment is operationalized as "occupational returns to education" and "earnings returns to occupation." The primary objective is to determine whether the relative…
Descriptors: African Americans, Whites, Racial Differences, Generational Differences
Damron, Neil – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2015
"Brain Drain: A Child's Brain on Poverty," released in March 2015 and prepared by intern Neil Damron, explores the brain's basic anatomy and recent research findings suggesting that poverty affects the brain development of infants and young children and the potential lifelong effects of the changes. The sheet draws from a variety of…
Descriptors: Brain, Poverty, Anatomy, Infants
Damron, Neil – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2015
"No Place to Call Home: Child and Youth Homelessness in the United States," prepared by intern Neil Damron and released in May 2015, presents the statistics on child and youth homelessness and recent trends in Wisconsin and the United States. It explores the major challenges faced by homeless minors, and, drawing from recent research by…
Descriptors: Poverty, Children, Youth, Homeless People
Harris, Douglas N.; Nathan, Alan; Marksteiner, Ryne – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2014
Upward Bound (UB) was one of the original federal "Great Society" programs of the 1960s and remains, fifty years later, the single largest college access program in the country. Recently, Congress has reduced funding and considered eliminating the program because of federal budget pressures and because the first analysis of the only…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Federal Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, College Preparation
Hill, Heather D.; Ybarra, Marci A. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2014
Since the 1980s, U.S. workers with less than a college education have faced increasing job instability at the same time that the safety net has become increasingly contingent on employment. The sources of instability are many, including variable schedules, not enough hours, and temporary employment. A policy forum hosted by the Employment…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Public Policy, Networks, Employment Potential
Backes, Benjamin; Holzer, Harry J.; Velez, Erin Dunlop – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2014
In this paper we examine a range of postsecondary education and labor market outcomes, with a particular focus on minorities and/or disadvantaged workers. We use administrative data from the state of Florida, where postsecondary student records have been linked to Unemployment Insurance (UI) earnings data and also to secondary education records.…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Education Work Relationship, Labor Market, Outcomes of Education
Carlson, Deven; Haveman, Robert; Kaplan, Thomas; Wolfe, Barbara – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2014
Using data on housing voucher recipients with school-aged children residing across the state of Wisconsin, we perform a three-stage analysis of the relationship between voucher receipt and the educational opportunities of children in recipient households. First, we examine the extent to which voucher receipt results in households relocating to a…
Descriptors: Correlation, Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, School Districts
Holzer, Harry J.; Dunlop, Erin – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2013
In this paper, we provide a comprehensive and up-to-date snapshot of the most important postsecondary education and labor market outcomes in the United States using two nationally representative sources of data: the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) and the National Educational Longitudinal Survey (NELS). We find that postsecondary…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Education Work Relationship, Outcomes of Education, Labor Market
Holzer, Harry J. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2013
Stagnant earnings and growing inequality in the US labor market reflect both a slowdown in the growth of worker skills and the growing matching of good-paying jobs to skilled workers. Improving the ties between colleges, workforce institutions, and employers would help more workers gain the needed skills. Evaluation evidence shows that training…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Labor Force Development, Education Work Relationship, Skilled Workers
Edelman, Peter B.; Holzer, Harry J. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2013
In this paper we will briefly review recent trends in employment outcomes for disadvantaged youth, focusing specifically on those who have become "disconnected" from school and the labor market, and why these trends have occurred. We then review a range of policy prescriptions that might improve those outcomes. These policies include: 1)…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Improvement, Employment Potential, Labor Market
Kelchen, Robert; Goldrick-Rab, Sara – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2013
The persistently low college enrollment and completion rates of youth from poor families are partly attributable to their uncertainty about whether college is affordable. In the current system, concrete information about college costs arrives at the end of high school and is only available to those who complete a complex application. Evidence…
Descriptors: Grants, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Feasibility Studies
Wolfe, Barbara; Fletcher, Jason – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2013
One of the continuing areas of controversy surrounding higher education is affirmative action. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear "Fisher v. Texas," and their ruling may well influence universities' diversity initiatives, especially if they overturn "Grutter v. Bollinger" and rule that diversity is no longer a…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Educational Benefits, College Outcomes Assessment, Racial Composition
Morrissey, Taryn W.; Jacknowitz, Alison; Vinopal, Katie – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2013
The authors of this research brief were co-principal investigators on a grant awarded by the IRP RIDGE Center for National Food and Nutrition Assistance Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, in partnership with the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Their project, summarized here, was one of five proposals…
Descriptors: Food, Eating Habits, Nutrition, Program Descriptions
Magnuson, Katherine – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2013
Katherine Magnuson's research focuses on the well-being and development of economically disadvantaged children and their families. In the first half of this brief Magnuson pulls together scholarship on the effects of poverty and inequality on children, especially from infancy to age five. Her scope goes beyond the social sciences to include new…
Descriptors: Poverty, Intervention, Taxes, Nutrition
Riccio, James A. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2013
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) are long-standing policies that link cash assistance to low-income families to work effort. A new policy being tested in New York City adopts this "conditional cash transfer" principle and extends it to a broader set of family efforts to build their…
Descriptors: Tax Credits, Family Income, Poverty, Low Income Groups
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