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Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2021
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, previously called the Food Stamp Program) is a key component of the U.S. social safety net. SNAP is the only social safety net program universally available to low-income Americans, and is intended to help families meet their basic nutritional needs. It can also help to stabilize the economy…
Descriptors: Crisis Management, Pandemics, COVID-19, Welfare Services
Institute for Research on Poverty, 2019
Career and Technical Education (CTE) programs focus on learning and building skills directly related to work and labor market demands, often for a particular sector or occupation. Previously referred to by names such as manual arts or vocational education, CTE takes place at the secondary (high school), postsecondary (college), and adult education…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship, Income
Johnson, Deborah, Ed. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2019
This brief summarizes findings on strategies for helping hard-to-employ populations--especially cash welfare assistance clients and disadvantaged parents with child support obligations--become employed. It begins with an overview of the unique needs of these two groups, followed by a review of strategies that have successfully boosted their…
Descriptors: Employment Problems, Welfare Recipients, Parents, Children
Landers, Patrick, Ed. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2019
Based on research presented at an Institute for Research on Poverty workshop, this brief explores the evolving structure and goals of high school Career and Technical Education (CTE) in response to changing labor market conditions. Participants explored the growing concern that all students may not have equal access to these innovative…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Vocational Education, High Schools, Access to Education
Wilson, Franklin D. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2018
This paper presents an analysis of changes in occupational status and hourly earnings after workers experience a spell of nonemployment, during a period of stable but slow economic growth and a recessionary period. In addition, an effort is made to identify factors associated with changes in occupational status and hourly earnings, including a…
Descriptors: Employment Level, Wages, Employment, Unemployment
Johnson, Deborah, Ed. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2018
In the first decade of the twenty-first century, the proportion of Americans living in moderate- and high-poverty neighborhoods increased. This trend was most pronounced among families with children. Numerous studies have linked higher rates of neighborhood poverty with less favorable outcomes, including low "school readiness," defined…
Descriptors: Poverty, Neighborhoods, School Readiness, Correlation
Roble, Jacob – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2017
This fact sheet focuses on differential rates of college completion by socioeconomic status, the factors researchers think are behind them, and key aspects of promising efforts to help level the playing field and increase college completion among disadvantaged students.
Descriptors: College Graduates, Graduation Rate, Socioeconomic Status, Disadvantaged Youth
Roble, Jacob – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2017
"Financial Barriers to College Completion," released in March 2017, was prepared by intern Jacob Roble. The sheet notes major shifts in the labor market that make having college education increasingly important to economic self-sufficiency, and concurrent trends of increasing college costs, decreasing government support for higher…
Descriptors: Poverty, Barriers, Graduation, Student Costs
Wilson, Franklin D. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2016
This paper analyzes age and cohort changes in the occupational attainment of Blacks and Whites born in successive decades from 1910 to 1979. Occupational attainment is operationalized as "occupational returns to education" and "earnings returns to occupation." The primary objective is to determine whether the relative…
Descriptors: African Americans, Whites, Racial Differences, Generational Differences
Damron, Neil – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2015
"Brain Drain: A Child's Brain on Poverty," released in March 2015 and prepared by intern Neil Damron, explores the brain's basic anatomy and recent research findings suggesting that poverty affects the brain development of infants and young children and the potential lifelong effects of the changes. The sheet draws from a variety of…
Descriptors: Brain, Poverty, Anatomy, Infants
Damron, Neil – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2015
"No Place to Call Home: Child and Youth Homelessness in the United States," prepared by intern Neil Damron and released in May 2015, presents the statistics on child and youth homelessness and recent trends in Wisconsin and the United States. It explores the major challenges faced by homeless minors, and, drawing from recent research by…
Descriptors: Poverty, Children, Youth, Homeless People
Backes, Benjamin; Holzer, Harry J.; Velez, Erin Dunlop – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2014
In this paper we examine a range of postsecondary education and labor market outcomes, with a particular focus on minorities and/or disadvantaged workers. We use administrative data from the state of Florida, where postsecondary student records have been linked to Unemployment Insurance (UI) earnings data and also to secondary education records.…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Education Work Relationship, Labor Market, Outcomes of Education
Carlson, Deven; Haveman, Robert; Kaplan, Thomas; Wolfe, Barbara – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2014
Using data on housing voucher recipients with school-aged children residing across the state of Wisconsin, we perform a three-stage analysis of the relationship between voucher receipt and the educational opportunities of children in recipient households. First, we examine the extent to which voucher receipt results in households relocating to a…
Descriptors: Correlation, Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, School Districts
Harris, Douglas N.; Nathan, Alan; Marksteiner, Ryne – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2014
Upward Bound (UB) was one of the original federal "Great Society" programs of the 1960s and remains, fifty years later, the single largest college access program in the country. Recently, Congress has reduced funding and considered eliminating the program because of federal budget pressures and because the first analysis of the only…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Federal Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, College Preparation
Hill, Heather D.; Ybarra, Marci A. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2014
Since the 1980s, U.S. workers with less than a college education have faced increasing job instability at the same time that the safety net has become increasingly contingent on employment. The sources of instability are many, including variable schedules, not enough hours, and temporary employment. A policy forum hosted by the Employment…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Public Policy, Networks, Employment Potential
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