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Showing 1 to 15 of 382 results Save | Export
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Di Rosa, Gabriella; Pironti, Erica; Cucinotta, Francesca; Alibrandi, Angela; Gagliano, Antonella – Infant and Child Development, 2019
Temporal differences of neurodevelopmental milestones' achievement are commonly taken into account in preterm infant assessment during the first year of life, especially when minor or none neurological signs arise from clinical examination. The influence of gender on neurodevelopment in preterm infants was examined by a milestones-based…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Gender Differences, Psychomotor Skills, Nonverbal Communication
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Bemis, Rhyannon H.; Leichtman, Michelle D. – Infant and Child Development, 2019
Accurately remembering how and when one's own learning occurs is an important metacognitive skill that matures during the early school years. In two studies, the impact of a delay on this ability was examined. In Study 1, 30 children in two age groups (4-year-olds and 5-year-olds) participated in two-staged learning events and were interviewed…
Descriptors: Memory, Learning Processes, Metacognition, Preschool Children
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Acar, Ibrahim H.; Frohn, Scott; Prokasky, Amanda; Molfese, Victoria J.; Bates, John E. – Infant and Child Development, 2019
The study examines the concurrent and longitudinal associations between ratings-based measures (parents, secondary caregivers, and observers) and performance-based measures of focused attention in toddlers aged 30 (n = 147), 36 (n = 127), and 42 months (n = 107). Parents and secondary caregivers rated focused attention behaviours using the…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Attention Control, Correlation, Child Behavior
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Hermes, Jonas; Rakoczy, Hannes; Behne, Tanya – Infant and Child Development, 2019
Much recent research has shown that children from age 4 onwards reveal a robust preference for reliable over unreliable informants when choosing whom to trust and learn from. Findings concerning selective model choice in children younger than 4 years have mostly been mixed. The present study developed a new touchscreen-based paradigm with reduced…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Social Cognition, Trust (Psychology), Social Development
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Burns-Nader, Sherwood; Scofield, Jason; Jones, Caroline – Infant and Child Development, 2019
Children often substitute one object for another during play. They may substitute a stick for a sword or a box for a car, often favouring substitutes that are shaped like the needed object. The current study looked at the roles of shape and specificity, the degree to which a possible substitute resembles something else, in children's object…
Descriptors: Play, Child Behavior, Geometric Concepts, Preferences
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Shuwairi, Sarah Margaret – Infant and Child Development, 2019
Previous research yielded conflicting reports as to whether infants grasped at both depicted and real objects, which led to questions about the nature of their conceptual understanding of objects represented in pictures. This study set out to further clarify whether infants actually grasp at pictured objects compared to real objects and other flat…
Descriptors: Object Manipulation, Infants, Recognition (Psychology), Tactual Perception
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Seo, SoJung; Lee, Young-Eun – Infant and Child Development, 2019
This study examined the associations between maternal scaffolding and toddlers' active joint engagement during play and whether toddlers' temperamental activity moderates those associations. Korean mother-toddler dyads (N = 106) participated in semistructured free play. Maternal scaffolding, toddlers' joint engagement, and physical activity level…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mothers, Toddlers, Play
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Davidson, Denise; Rainey, Vanessa R.; Vanegas, Sandra B.; Hilvert, Elizabeth – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Robust evidence exists for the shape bias, or children's tendency to extend novel names and categorize objects more readily on the basis of shape than on other object features. However, issues remain about the conditions that affect the shape bias and its importance as a linguistic device. In this research, we examined how type of instruction…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Young Children, Classification, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Ho, Ariel; Lee, Joanne; Wood, Eileen; Kassies, Samantha; Heinbuck, Carissa – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Despite the increase in the use of interactive technological devices, little is known about the impact that play context has on the production of spatial language by parents. To investigate whether there is differential parental spatial input afforded by play contexts with their preschoolers, 34 children (20 girls, 14 boys) and their primary…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Toys, Play, Spatial Ability
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Fu, Genyue; Sai, Liyang; Yuan, Fang; Lee, Kang – Infant and Child Development, 2018
It is well established that children lie in different social contexts for various purposes from the age of 2 years. Surprisingly, little is known about whether very young children will spontaneously lie for personal gain, how self-benefiting lies emerge, and what cognitive factors affect the emergence of self-benefiting lies. To bridge this gap in…
Descriptors: Young Children, Age Differences, Games, Theory of Mind
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Baker, Claire; Kuhn, Laura – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Structural equation models were used to examine pathways from maternal depression and early parenting to children's executive function (EF) and externalizing behaviours in the first nationally representative study to obtain direct assessments of children's kindergarten EF skills (i.e., the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Child Rearing, Children
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Flack, Zoe M.; Horst, Jessica S. – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Two experiments tested how the number of illustrations in storybooks influences 3.5-year-old children's word learning from shared reading. In Experiment 1, children encountered stories with two regular-sized A4 illustrations, one regular-sized A4 illustration, or one large-sized A3 illustration (in the control group) per spread. Children learned…
Descriptors: Story Reading, Illustrations, Vocabulary Development, Control Groups
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Howe, Nina; Rosciszewska, Joanna; Persram, Ryan J. – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Siblings' imitative behaviors were investigated in 39 middle-class dyads during six 90-min home sessions at both Time 1 (M age: older sibling = 4.4 years; younger sibling = 2.4 years) and Time 2 (2 years later). Although younger siblings imitated most often at T1 and T2, older siblings' imitation increased proportionally over time in comparison to…
Descriptors: Siblings, Imitation, Young Children, Longitudinal Studies
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Acar, Ibrahim H.; Torquati, Julia C.; Encinger, Amy; Colgrove, Amy – Infant and Child Development, 2018
The current study examined the associations between low-income preschool children's temperament (reactive and regulatory) and their relationships with parents and teachers. In particular, we focused on the moderating role of regulatory temperament on reactive temperament in the prediction of closeness and conflict with parents and teachers. Two…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Personality, Low Income Students, Parent Child Relationship
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Spataro, Pietro; Rossi-Arnaud, Clelia; Longobardi, Emiddia – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Previous research has consistently demonstrated that false-belief (FB) understanding correlates with and predicts metalinguistic ability in preschoolers. Surprisingly, however, there is scant evidence on the question of whether this relation persists at later ages. The present cross-sectional study sought to fill this gap by examining the…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Prediction, Phonemes, Receptive Language
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