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Showing 1 to 15 of 406 results Save | Export
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Lecce, Serena; Bianco, Federica; Ronchi, Luca – Infant and Child Development, 2020
Theoretical accounts and experimental data on young children have shown that executive functions (EFs) are predicted by experiential factors. However, studies on school-aged children are rare. The present study has addressed this gap using a short-term cross-lagged longitudinal design focusing on the relationship between working memory (WM),…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Conflict
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St. John, Ashley M.; Tarullo, Amanda R. – Infant and Child Development, 2020
Although broad associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and child executive functions (EFs) are well established, contextual factors that may matter for effects of SES on EF are not fully understood. This study used a bioecological approach to examine factors that may moderate SES-EF relations. A socioeconomically diverse sample of children…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Socioeconomic Status, Executive Function, Young Children
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Korucu, Irem; Litkowski, Ellen; Purpura, David J.; Schmitt, Sara A. – Infant and Child Development, 2020
The family context has been identified as an important predictor of the development of children's executive function (EF). An emerging line of research demonstrates that parents' own EF is linked to their caregiving behaviours and their children's EF. However, researchers have yet to explore the extent to which parental EF is related to specific…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Parents, Child Rearing, Parenting Styles
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Cioffi, Camille C.; Leve, Leslie D.; Natsuaki, Misaki N.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Reiss, David; Neiderhiser, Jenae M. – Infant and Child Development, 2020
Attention control (AC) is thought to play an important role in the development of inhibitory control (IC) in children, yet there are few longitudinal studies of this association. This study used a prospective parent-child adoption design (N = 361 children) to examine whether maternal warmth at child age 27 months moderated the link between AC…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Parenting Styles, Infants
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Helm, Abigail F.; McCormick, Sarah A.; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Smith, Cynthia L.; Calkins, Susan D.; Bell, Martha Ann – Infant and Child Development, 2020
When children transition to school between the ages of 4 and 6 years, they must learn to control their attention and behaviour to be successful. Concurrently, executive function (EF) is an important skill undergoing significant development in childhood. To understand changes occurring during this period, we examined the role of parenting in the…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Executive Function, Mothers, Video Technology
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Goble, Priscilla; Nauman, Cambrian; Fife, Katelyn; Blalock, Sarah M. – Infant and Child Development, 2020
The current study examined the effect of children's positive relationships and interactions with their teachers and the development of executive function (EF) skills in first grade. A primary objective was to examine externalizing behaviour problems (EBPs) as a potential moderator of the link between teacher-child relationships and interactions…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Executive Function, Grade 1
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Schirmbeck, Katharina; Rao, Nirmala; Maehler, Claudia – Infant and Child Development, 2020
A systematic review was conducted to gain a more nuanced understanding of similarities and distinctions across countries in the development of executive functions (EF). The review includes 26 studies, with child and adolescent participants, that were published between 2006 and 2018. Both similarities and differences within developmental patterns…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Executive Function, Cognitive Development, Children
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Broomell, Alleyne P. R.; Smith, Cynthia L.; Calkins, Susan D.; Bell, Martha Ann – Infant and Child Development, 2020
The relation between maternal behavior and neurocognitive development is complex and may depend on the task context. We examined 5-month-old infant frontal electroencephalogram (EEG), maternal intrusiveness (MI) evaluated during two play contexts at 5 and 10 months, and a battery of executive function (EF) tasks completed at 48 months to evaluate…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Infants, Executive Function
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Jusiene, Roma; Rakickiene, Lauryna; Breidokiene, Rima; Laurinaityte, Ilona – Infant and Child Development, 2020
The aim of this study was to explore associations between time spent using various media devices and executive abilities in preschoolers. Participants were 190 children (44.2% female; mean age 58.75 months, SD = 7.27). The Shape School, the Missing Scan and the Head and Feet tasks were administered to children to assess three core executive…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Preschool Children, Handheld Devices, Television Viewing
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Shuwairi, Sarah M.; Tran, Annie; Belardo, John; Murphy, Gregory L. – Infant and Child Development, 2020
Prior work showed that infants look longer at impossible figures than possible ones, although it is unclear whether they or older children understand "impossibility." We employed a series of matching and sorting tasks with pictures and objects to evaluate children's knowledge of this dimension. In Experiment 1, nearly all children…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Spatial Ability, Preschool Children, Error Patterns
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Broadbent, Hannah; Osborne, Tamsin; Kirkham, Natasha; Mareschal, Denis – Infant and Child Development, 2020
Benefits of synchronous presentation of multisensory compared to unisensory cues are well established. However, the generality of such findings to children's learning with visual and haptic sensory cue pairings is unclear. Children aged 6 to 10 years (N = 180) participated in a novel tabletop category-learning paradigm with visual, haptic, or…
Descriptors: Cues, Elementary School Students, Learning Processes, Multisensory Learning
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Van Waelvelde, Hilde; Vanden Wyngaert, Karsten; Mariën, Tineke; Baeyens, Dieter; Calders, Patrick – Infant and Child Development, 2020
A beneficial effect of physical activity on cognitive functioning is supposed, although to a certain extent, literature remains inconsistent. Furthermore, the mediating effect of aerobic fitness on this association remains unclear, especially in children. This review presents data from 26 articles on the relation between aerobic fitness and…
Descriptors: Children, Physical Fitness, Exercise, Executive Function
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Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Leonard, Hayley C. – Infant and Child Development, 2020
This study examined emotion understanding and motor skills as predictors of children's understanding of faux pas. Faux paus situations are those in which someone causes unintentional offence or behaves inappropriately. Understanding of faux pas requires knowledge of social norms in specific situations as well as emotion understanding.…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Predictor Variables, Social Cognition, Children
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Punamäki, Raija-Leena; Vänskä, Mervi; Quota, Samir R.; Perko, Kaisa; Diab, Safwat Y. – Infant and Child Development, 2020
Maternal singing is considered vital to infant well-being. This study focuses on vocal emotion expressions in infant-directed singing among mothers in war conditions. It examines the questions: (a) how traumatic war events and mental health problems are associated with the content and valence of vocal emotion expressions and (b) how these emotion…
Descriptors: Infants, Singing, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Ollas, Denise; Rautakoski, Pirkko; Nolvi, Saara; Karlsson, Hasse; Karlsson, Linnea – Infant and Child Development, 2020
Temperament is important to consider when investigating factors influencing communicative development in infancy. Existing research supporting the assumption that temperament and verbal language development are interrelated covers mainly verbal development in toddlerhood onward, but few studies focus on these relations in infancy. The present…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Infants, Correlation, Nonverbal Communication
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