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Showing 1 to 15 of 356 results Save | Export
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Davidson, Denise; Rainey, Vanessa R.; Vanegas, Sandra B.; Hilvert, Elizabeth – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Robust evidence exists for the shape bias, or children's tendency to extend novel names and categorize objects more readily on the basis of shape than on other object features. However, issues remain about the conditions that affect the shape bias and its importance as a linguistic device. In this research, we examined how type of instruction…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Young Children, Classification, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Ho, Ariel; Lee, Joanne; Wood, Eileen; Kassies, Samantha; Heinbuck, Carissa – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Despite the increase in the use of interactive technological devices, little is known about the impact that play context has on the production of spatial language by parents. To investigate whether there is differential parental spatial input afforded by play contexts with their preschoolers, 34 children (20 girls, 14 boys) and their primary…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Toys, Play, Spatial Ability
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Fu, Genyue; Sai, Liyang; Yuan, Fang; Lee, Kang – Infant and Child Development, 2018
It is well established that children lie in different social contexts for various purposes from the age of 2 years. Surprisingly, little is known about whether very young children will spontaneously lie for personal gain, how self-benefiting lies emerge, and what cognitive factors affect the emergence of self-benefiting lies. To bridge this gap in…
Descriptors: Young Children, Age Differences, Games, Theory of Mind
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Baker, Claire; Kuhn, Laura – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Structural equation models were used to examine pathways from maternal depression and early parenting to children's executive function (EF) and externalizing behaviours in the first nationally representative study to obtain direct assessments of children's kindergarten EF skills (i.e., the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Child Rearing, Children
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Flack, Zoe M.; Horst, Jessica S. – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Two experiments tested how the number of illustrations in storybooks influences 3.5-year-old children's word learning from shared reading. In Experiment 1, children encountered stories with two regular-sized A4 illustrations, one regular-sized A4 illustration, or one large-sized A3 illustration (in the control group) per spread. Children learned…
Descriptors: Story Reading, Illustrations, Vocabulary Development, Control Groups
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Howe, Nina; Rosciszewska, Joanna; Persram, Ryan J. – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Siblings' imitative behaviors were investigated in 39 middle-class dyads during six 90-min home sessions at both Time 1 (M age: older sibling = 4.4 years; younger sibling = 2.4 years) and Time 2 (2 years later). Although younger siblings imitated most often at T1 and T2, older siblings' imitation increased proportionally over time in comparison to…
Descriptors: Siblings, Imitation, Young Children, Longitudinal Studies
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Acar, Ibrahim H.; Torquati, Julia C.; Encinger, Amy; Colgrove, Amy – Infant and Child Development, 2018
The current study examined the associations between low-income preschool children's temperament (reactive and regulatory) and their relationships with parents and teachers. In particular, we focused on the moderating role of regulatory temperament on reactive temperament in the prediction of closeness and conflict with parents and teachers. Two…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Personality, Low Income Students, Parent Child Relationship
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Spataro, Pietro; Rossi-Arnaud, Clelia; Longobardi, Emiddia – Infant and Child Development, 2018
Previous research has consistently demonstrated that false-belief (FB) understanding correlates with and predicts metalinguistic ability in preschoolers. Surprisingly, however, there is scant evidence on the question of whether this relation persists at later ages. The present cross-sectional study sought to fill this gap by examining the…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Prediction, Phonemes, Receptive Language
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Weegar, Kelly; Guérin-Marion, Camille; Fréchette, Sabrina; Romano, Elisa – Infant and Child Development, 2018
This study explored how physical punishment (PP) and other parenting approaches may predict school readiness outcomes. By using the Canada-wide representative data, 5,513 children were followed over a 2-year period. Caregivers reported on their use of PP and other parenting approaches (i.e., literacy and learning activities and other disciplinary…
Descriptors: Punishment, Parenting Styles, Receptive Language, Vocabulary Skills
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Song, Ju-Hyun; Volling, Brenda L. – Infant and Child Development, 2018
This study investigated relations among children's Theory-of-Mind (ToM) development, early sibling interactions, and parental discipline strategies during the transition to siblinghood. Using a sample of firstborn children and their parents (N = 208), we assessed children's ToM before the birth of a sibling and 12 months after the birth, and…
Descriptors: Sibling Relationship, Theory of Mind, Parenting Styles, Discipline
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Veiga, Guida; de Leng, Wendy; Cachucho, Ricardo; Ketelaar, Lizet; Kok, Joost N.; Knobbe, Arno; Neto, Carlos; Rieffe, Carolien – Infant and Child Development, 2017
Social interactions at the playground have been represented as a rich learning opportunity to hone and master social skills at preschool years. Specifically, all forms of social play (fantasy, role, exercise or rough-and-tumble) have been related to children's social competence. The main goal of this study was to examine whether it is a certain…
Descriptors: Interaction, Interpersonal Competence, Preschool Children, Preschool Education
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St George, Jennifer; Fletcher, Richard; Palazzi, Kerrin – Infant and Child Development, 2017
Increasing amounts of research show that fathers' involvement in children's lives contributes to the child's social, emotional and cognitive development; however, much of the evidence comes from fathers' caregiving and object play. This exploratory study compared the characteristics of 24 Australian fathers' play in two contexts--toy play and…
Descriptors: Fathers, Play, Child Behavior, Comparative Analysis
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Son, SeungHee Claire; Peterson, Mieko Fuse – Infant and Child Development, 2017
The current study examined the complex associations among marital status, home environments, and family strain (i.e. income, maternal depressive symptoms, social support, and parenting stress), as they predict preschool children's pre-academic and social skills at 36 and 54 months. Findings from the [National Institute of Child Health and Human…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, School Readiness, Marital Status, Family Environment
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Zippert, Erica L.; Ramani, Geetha B. – Infant and Child Development, 2017
According to Hunt's match hypothesis, the accuracy of parents' beliefs about their children's abilities can influence the nature of the early learning experiences they provide. The present study examined the accuracy of parents' beliefs about their preschoolers' number development and relations to parent-reported frequency of engaging children in…
Descriptors: Parents, Preschool Children, Numeracy, Parent Attitudes
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Hicks, Catherine M.; Liu, David – Infant and Child Development, 2017
Children make many decisions about whether and how to disclose their performance to peers, teachers, parents and others. Previous research has found that children's disclosure declines with age and that older children and teenagers preferentially choose a peer audience for performance disclosure based on similar achievement. This research examines…
Descriptors: Young Children, Failure, Self Disclosure (Individuals), High Achievement
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