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Cunningham, Candace – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
When the South Carolina legislature created the anti-NAACP oath in 1956, teachers across the state lost their positions. But it was the dismissal of twenty-one teachers at the Elloree Training School that captured the attention of the NAACP and Black media outlets. In the years following Brown v. Board of Education, South Carolina's Black and…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Educational History, African American History, State History
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Ladson-Billings, Gloria; Anderson, James D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
In the second half of the twentieth century, the ranks of Black teachers and school administrators declined precipitously. Today, less than 7 percent of American teachers are Black. This loss has had a number of consequences for schools and communities, but perhaps especially for Black students. As recent research has found, Black students benefit…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Teacher Shortage, Futures (of Society), Educational Trends
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Alridge, Derrick P. – History of Education Quarterly, 2020
In this year's Presidential Address, historian Derrick P. Alridge discusses his current research project, Teachers in the Movement: Pedagogy, Activism, and Freedom. The project builds on recent literature about teachers as activists between 1950 and 1980 and explores how and what secondary and postsecondary teachers taught. Focusing on teachers in…
Descriptors: Activism, Educational History, Social Change, Change Agents
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Edmonds, Matthew C. – History of Education Quarterly, 2020
In 1969, four years after passage of the Voting Rights Act, African Americans in Greene County, Alabama, reclaimed control of local government, becoming the first community in the South to do so since Reconstruction. A half century later, however, Greene County remains an impoverished and largely segregated area with poor educational outcomes,…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Counties, School Segregation, School Choice
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Kryczka, Nicholas – History of Education Quarterly, 2019
Chicago's magnet schools were one of the nation's earliest experiments in choice-driven school desegregation, originating among civil rights advocates and academic education experts in the 1960s and appearing at specific sites in Chicago's urban landscape during the 1970s. The specific concerns that motivated the creation of magnet schools during…
Descriptors: Racial Integration, Magnet Schools, School Choice, School Desegregation
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Zelbo, Sian – History of Education Quarterly, 2019
When the New Orleans school board appointed E. J. Edmunds, a light-skinned Afro-Creole man, the mathematics teacher for the city's best high school in 1875, the senior students walked out rather than have a "negro" as a teacher of "white youths." Edmunds's appointment was a final, bold act by the city's mixed-race intellectual…
Descriptors: Educational History, United States History, African American Teachers, Racial Bias
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Moss, Hilary J. – History of Education Quarterly, 2019
In 1981, Cambridge, Massachusetts, became the first school district in America to replace its neighborhood schools with a "controlled choice" assignment plan, which considered parental preference and racial balance. This article considers the history preceding this decision to explore how and why some Americans became enamored with…
Descriptors: School Choice, Educational History, Neighborhood Schools, Parent Role
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Cyna, Esther – History of Education Quarterly, 2019
Two separate school districts--a city one and a county one--operated independently in Durham, North Carolina, until the early 1990s. The two districts merged relatively late compared to other North Carolina cities, such as Raleigh and Charlotte. In Durham, residents in both the county and city systems vehemently opposed the merger until the county…
Descriptors: Educational History, State History, School Districts, Urban Schools
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Amsterdam, Daniel – History of Education Quarterly, 2017
This article reconstructs the story behind "Freeman v. Pitts" (1992), one of the main US Supreme Court cases that made it easier for school districts to terminate court desegregation orders and that, in turn, helped to propel a widely documented trend: the resegregation of southern schools. The case in part hinged on the question of…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, School Districts, School Desegregation, School Segregation
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Rasmussen, Chris – History of Education Quarterly, 2017
New Brunswick High School, which had been racially integrated for decades, became majority-minority (and soon, all minority) in the 1970s, after years of legal wrangling led hundreds of its students to depart for a new, nearly all-white high school in the adjacent suburb of North Brunswick. White suburbanites invoked "local control" to…
Descriptors: Educational History, School Desegregation, Whites, Racial Discrimination
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Bonastia, Christopher – History of Education Quarterly, 2016
In July 1963, students from Queens College (QC) and a group of New York City teachers traveled to Prince Edward County (PEC), Virginia, to teach local black youth in Freedom Schools. The county had eliminated public education four years earlier to avoid a desegregation order. PEC Freedom Schools represented the first major effort to recruit an…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, African Americans, Counties, Expertise
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Erickson, Ansley T. – History of Education Quarterly, 2016
From the early 1960s through the early 1970s, a new idea drew the interest of local leaders and national networks of educators seeking to further desegregation but concerned about how to do so within the bounds of white resistance. Huge single- or multischool campuses, called education parks, would draw students from broad geographical areas and…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, Educational Change, Resistance to Change, Whites
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Hutcheson, Philo – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
This address derives from the intellectual contributions of young scholars and doctoral students, in faded memory of the author's life as a doctoral student and young scholar. This address has three purposes: (1) to define school desegregation; (2) to place--albeit briefly--that definition within the larger context of the literature on school…
Descriptors: Educational History, School Desegregation, Historiography, Postmodernism
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Woyshner, Christine – History of Education Quarterly, 2011
This articles discusses the unification of Alabama's black and white Parent-Teacher Associations from 1954 to 1971. Alabama was one of the last PTA state units to desegregate in the late 1960s, along with Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas. It was also the only state in which white members launched a successful…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, Educational History, Parent Associations, Teacher Associations
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Danns, Dionne – History of Education Quarterly, 2011
Studies on northern desegregation have focused on political strategies, the role of the courts, the responsibility of the federal government (HEW), and barriers to northern desegregation. Some have conducted individual case studies and comparative studies, and others have examined a number of cities. This article examines the way school…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, School Segregation, Courts, Federal Government
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