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Nash, Margaret A. – History of Education Quarterly, 2019
Land-grant colleges were created in the mid-nineteenth century when the federal government sold off public lands and allowed states to use that money to create colleges. The land that was sold to support colleges was available because of a deliberate project to dispossess American Indians of land they inhabited. By encouraging westward migration,…
Descriptors: Land Grant Universities, American Indian History, Educational History, Land Settlement
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Gutfreund, Zevi – History of Education Quarterly, 2017
This article explores citizenship's multiple meanings in Los Angeles by describing five different types of Americanization, or immigrant education, in the city of angels from 1910 to 1940. The federal racialization of access to citizenship influenced these alternative approaches to Americanization at a local level. In the context of Supreme Court…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Educational History, Program Development, Second Language Instruction