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Danforth, Scot – History of Education Quarterly, 2018
Historical analyses of 1960s university campus activism have focused on activities related to the civil rights movement, Free Speech Movement, and opposition to the Vietnam War. This study supplements the historiography of civil disobedience and political activity on college campuses during that tumultuous era with an account of the initiation of…
Descriptors: Educational History, Activism, Civil Rights, Freedom of Speech
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Cain, Timothy Reese – History of Education Quarterly, 2011
Numerous faculty members at the University of Michigan and institutions across the nation found themselves victims of hysteria and anti-German extremism during World War I. Through an examination of restrictions on speech before American entry into the war, investigations into the loyalty of more than a dozen educators, and considerations of the…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Social Discrimination, Teacher Dismissal, State Universities
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Kumano, Ruriko – History of Education Quarterly, 2010
In August 1945, Imperial Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers. From September 1945 to April 1952, the United States occupied the defeated country. Douglas MacArthur, an American army general and the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), attempted to transform Japanese society from an authoritarian regime into a budding democracy.…
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, Academic Freedom, Democracy, Schools