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Tamura, Eileen H. – History of Education Quarterly, 2017
During the mid-1960s, the War on Poverty ushered in a change in outlook on the poor and stimulated Neighborhood House (a social service agency that began as a settlement house) to focus on educative, community-building initiatives. Yet ironically, while staffers offered educational programs for residents, they were themselves becoming educated.…
Descriptors: Educational History, Poverty Programs, Neighborhoods, Housing
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Hale, Jon N. – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
This article examines the history of Head Start, a federally funded program, whose conceptualization emerged in earlier phases of the Civil Rights Movement in order to provide education, nourishing meals, medical services, and a positive social environment for children about to enter the first grade. While Head Start was implemented in states…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Low Income
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Rose, Elizabeth – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Head Start, the federal program that provides preschool education, health, and social services for children from poor families, is one of the United States' most popular government programs. Created in 1965, it has endured as a symbol of commitment to children, serving just fewer than one million children a year in neighborhood sites across the…
Descriptors: Nursery Schools, Poverty, Preschool Education, Economically Disadvantaged
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Rogers, Bethany – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
This article focuses on the period between 1966 and 1968, when the original vision of the policymakers of the National Teacher Corps (NTC) and the federal staffers who created the NTC initiative held sway. In their vision, the "best and brightest" (according to their criteria) could better solve the problems of educating so-called disadvantaged…
Descriptors: Alternative Teacher Certification, Federal Programs, Disadvantaged, Liberal Arts
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James, Thomas – History of Education Quarterly, 1988
Examines the role of public officials, social scientists, and educational planners in New Deal programs for Navajo Indians. States that resistance to community schools and stock-reduction policies caused the failure of New Deal programs. Concludes that the Navajo experience can help social planners deal more effectively with other social groups.…
Descriptors: American Indian Culture, American Indian Education, American Indian History, American Indian Studies
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Trennert, Robert A. – History of Education Quarterly, 1989
Provides a case study of reform movement dynamics in the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1930. Discusses the use of excessive corporal punishment at the Phoenix Indian School. Describes the way in which John Collier used the issue of brutality in government boarding schools to bring down the Bureau of Indian Affairs administration. (KO)
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian History, American Indians, Boarding Schools