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Loss, Christopher P. – History of Education Quarterly, 2020
America's sprawling system of colleges and universities has been built on the ruins of war. After the American Revolution the cash-strapped central government sold land grants to raise revenue and build colleges and schools in newly conquered lands. During the Civil War, the federal government built on this earlier precedent when it passed the…
Descriptors: Higher Education, War, World History, United States History
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McCoy, Meredith L.; Villeneuve, Matthew – History of Education Quarterly, 2020
Federal agents, church officials, and education reformers have long used schooling as a weapon to eliminate Indigenous people; at the same time, Indigenous individuals and communities have long repurposed schooling to protect tribal sovereignty, reconstitute their communities, and shape Indigenous futures. Joining scholarship that speaks to…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Federal Indian Relationship, Tribal Sovereignty
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Edmonds, Matthew C. – History of Education Quarterly, 2020
In 1969, four years after passage of the Voting Rights Act, African Americans in Greene County, Alabama, reclaimed control of local government, becoming the first community in the South to do so since Reconstruction. A half century later, however, Greene County remains an impoverished and largely segregated area with poor educational outcomes,…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Counties, School Segregation, School Choice
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Chmielewski, Kristen – History of Education Quarterly, 2020
Ideas and norms about disability shaped the experiences and careers of every teacher and prospective teacher in the Los Angeles public schools between 1930 and 1970. Medical doctors created and conducted the extensive medical examinations that teaching candidates and practicing teachers needed to pass to enter or remain in the classroom. The Los…
Descriptors: Teachers, Public Schools, Educational History, Teacher Characteristics
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Lozano, Rosina – History of Education Quarterly, 2020
The twenty-first century has seen a surge in scholarship on Latino educational history and a new nonbinary umbrella term, Latinx, that a younger generation prefers. Many of historian Victoria-María MacDonald's astute observations in 2001 presaged the growth of the field. Focus has increased on Spanish-surnamed teachers and discussions have grown…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Educational History, Spanish Speaking, Educational Experience
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Moss, Hilary J. – History of Education Quarterly, 2019
In 1981, Cambridge, Massachusetts, became the first school district in America to replace its neighborhood schools with a "controlled choice" assignment plan, which considered parental preference and racial balance. This article considers the history preceding this decision to explore how and why some Americans became enamored with…
Descriptors: School Choice, Educational History, Neighborhood Schools, Parent Role
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Nash, Margaret A. – History of Education Quarterly, 2019
Land-grant colleges were created in the mid-nineteenth century when the federal government sold off public lands and allowed states to use that money to create colleges. The land that was sold to support colleges was available because of a deliberate project to dispossess American Indians of land they inhabited. By encouraging westward migration,…
Descriptors: Land Grant Universities, American Indian History, Educational History, Land Settlement
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Raptis, Helen – History of Education Quarterly, 2018
British Columbia (BC) charted its own course in 1949 when it passed legislation permitting Indigenous children to be schooled in provincial public schools. That is, BC's law predated federal legislation allowing integrated schooling by two years. This paper examines how and why BC followed its own policy path with respect to the schooling of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Educational Policy, Educational Legislation
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Gutfreund, Zevi – History of Education Quarterly, 2017
This article explores citizenship's multiple meanings in Los Angeles by describing five different types of Americanization, or immigrant education, in the city of angels from 1910 to 1940. The federal racialization of access to citizenship influenced these alternative approaches to Americanization at a local level. In the context of Supreme Court…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Educational History, Program Development, Second Language Instruction
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Casalaspi, David – History of Education Quarterly, 2017
The 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was one of the most significant legislative accomplishments in twentieth-century American politics. To date, legislative histories have usually argued that the ESEA's passage was the result of either auspicious political circumstances or the political skill of the Johnson White House.…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Political Attitudes
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Maher, Brent D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2016
The National Defense Education Act (NDEA) of 1958 was the first federal investment in low-interest student loans and became a precedent for expansion of student loans in the Higher Education Act of 1965. In its controversial loyalty provisions, the NDEA required loan recipients to affirm loyalty to the U.S. government. Between 1958 and 1962,…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, National Security, Student Loan Programs
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Nelson, Adam R. – History of Education Quarterly, 2016
For this first "History of Education Quarterly Policy Forum," we invited participants in the special Plenary Session at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the History of Education Society (HES) in St. Louis to publish their remarks on the historical significance of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) at fifty. Organized and…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Government Role
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Scribner, Campbell F. – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
The launch of "Sputnik" in 1957 sparked a crisis in American education. Suddenly threatened by superior Soviet technology, progressive educators' concern for children's preferences, health, and adjustment in school yielded to public demands for more basic learning and academic skills. Congress soon passed the National Defense Education Act,…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Social Systems, National Security, War
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Thomas, Auden D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2008
Women's colleges in the 1970s and 1980s faced highly uncertain futures. Soaring popularity of coeducation left them with serious enrollment downturns, and challenges from proposed equal rights legislation threatened to render illegal their single-sex admissions policies. These perilous external conditions drew together the presidents of U.S.…
Descriptors: Oral History, Higher Education, Females, Philanthropic Foundations
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Provasnik, Stephen – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
A considerable body of scholarship has examined the history of compulsory attendance in the United States in an effort to explain why compulsory attendance laws were enacted, what effects they had on school attendance rates, and what made enforcement of these laws effective eventually. Recent research has revealed that some long-standing…
Descriptors: State Courts, Compulsory Education, Attendance, Federal Legislation
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