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Nemeth, Julian – History of Education Quarterly, 2017
Sidney Hook set the terms of debate on Communism, higher education, and academic freedom in the postwar United States. His view that Communists lacked the independence necessary for teaching and research--a view forged in the heated debates of New York City's radical left in the 1930s--provided the rationale for firing Communist professors across…
Descriptors: Social Systems, Academic Freedom, Educational History, United States History
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Cain, Timothy Reese – History of Education Quarterly, 2011
Numerous faculty members at the University of Michigan and institutions across the nation found themselves victims of hysteria and anti-German extremism during World War I. Through an examination of restrictions on speech before American entry into the war, investigations into the loyalty of more than a dozen educators, and considerations of the…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Social Discrimination, Teacher Dismissal, State Universities
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Solberg, Winton U. – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
In 1911 Jean Baptiste Beck, a scholar of international reputation, was appointed to a three-year term on the faculty of the University of Illinois. His personal eccentricities conditioned his adjustment to the community. In 1912 he married the daughter of a University professor, and as a result Edmund J. James, president of the University of…
Descriptors: Educational History, Archives, Foreign Countries, Reputation
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Weiler, Kathleen – History of Education Quarterly, 2007
The introduction of a loyalty oath for professors at the University of California was part of the nationwide search for political subversives in all key institutions in the late 1940s and early 1950s. By the early 1950s, the panic over political subversives that led to the imposition of a loyalty oath at the University of California had spilled…
Descriptors: Females, State Universities, Educational History, Women Faculty
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Greenberg, Michael; Zenchelsky, Seymour – History of Education Quarterly, 1990
Argues that Rutgers University administrators participated in obfuscating the political nature of the 1935 dismissal of Lienhard Bergel, a German-born professor, whose anti-Nazi views alienated him from Friedrich Hauptmann, department head, also German-born, and avowedly pro-Nazi. Analyzes Hauptmann's central role and hearings testimony. Charges…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Administrator Responsibility, College Faculty, Dissent