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Scribner, Campbell F. – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
The launch of "Sputnik" in 1957 sparked a crisis in American education. Suddenly threatened by superior Soviet technology, progressive educators' concern for children's preferences, health, and adjustment in school yielded to public demands for more basic learning and academic skills. Congress soon passed the National Defense Education Act,…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Social Systems, National Security, War
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Murphey, Kathleen A. – History of Education Quarterly, 2011
This author describes herself as someone who has questioned the role of theory since she first began studying educational history several decades ago, and who has attempted to use theory. She sees contradictions in what she is researching and how she is doing it, contradictions that arise from her graduate training, the developments in…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Theories, Role, Graduate Study
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Nivison, Kenneth – History of Education Quarterly, 2010
In 1827, two years after its incorporation as a college and six years removed from its founding as a "collegiate institution," Amherst College revamped its curriculum into what it called a "parallel course of study." In this new scheme, students were allowed to follow one of two tracks during their college years. Amherst's…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Colleges, Educational History, Educational Improvement
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Kumano, Ruriko – History of Education Quarterly, 2010
In August 1945, Imperial Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers. From September 1945 to April 1952, the United States occupied the defeated country. Douglas MacArthur, an American army general and the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), attempted to transform Japanese society from an authoritarian regime into a budding democracy.…
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, Academic Freedom, Democracy, Schools
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Rose, Elizabeth – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Head Start, the federal program that provides preschool education, health, and social services for children from poor families, is one of the United States' most popular government programs. Created in 1965, it has endured as a symbol of commitment to children, serving just fewer than one million children a year in neighborhood sites across the…
Descriptors: Nursery Schools, Poverty, Preschool Education, Economically Disadvantaged
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Kimball, Bruce A. – History of Education Quarterly, 2006
Case method teaching was first introduced into American higher education in 1870 by Christopher C. Langdell (1826-1906) of Harvard Law School (HLS), where it became closely associated with a complex of academic meritocratic reforms. "Mr. Langdell's method" became, in fact, emblematic, "creating and embodying cultural values and…
Descriptors: Case Method (Teaching Technique), Legal Education (Professions), Higher Education, Law Schools
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Angulo, A. J. – History of Education Quarterly, 2005
The author introduces William Barton Rogers, conceptual founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who pursued two interrelated careers in nineteenth-century America: one centered on his activities in science and the other on his higher educational reform efforts. This essay explores one theme in Rogers' scientific and educational…
Descriptors: United States History, Slavery, Careers, Higher Education
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Blessing, Benita – History of Education Quarterly, 2005
In this article the author discusses that, at the end of World War II, German educational administrators in the Soviet occupied zone of their nation decided to implement coeducation; that is, the schooling of girls and boys in the same classroom. This policy represents a radical break with German educational traditions, as well as with the western…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Action, Educational Change, Coeducation
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Williamson, Joy Ann – History of Education Quarterly, 2004
The Brown decisions have become part of the collective American memory. Students know that the 1954 decision ended legalized segregation in elementary and secondary schools and rightly understand it as a benchmark in educational history. However, when pressed for information on the decisions, few have ever read the original court documents and…
Descriptors: Desegregation Litigation, Educational History, Educational Change, Access to Education
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Kaestle, Carl F. – History of Education Quarterly, 1982
Examines the role of ideologies in the history of American education. A case study showing how the Protestant ideology influenced the social outlook and actions of school reformers in the antebellum period of the nineteenth century is included. (AM)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Change, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education
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Tent, James F. – History of Education Quarterly, 1982
After World War II, America assumed the responsibility for helping to reform Germany's educational system. American educational policy did not have a clear direction; three distinct phases are discernible. (AM)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy
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Biebel, Charles D. – History of Education Quarterly, 1982
Between 1945 and 1955, American efforts to reform education in Germany included an initial phase of punitive purges, an imposition of American curricular models, generously endowed reorientation programs, and attempts to persuade the Germans to reform their own system. These contradictory shifts were not the result of rational policy decisions.…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy
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Skopp, Douglas R. – History of Education Quarterly, 1982
During the 1840s, the pupils, social influence, and futures of the Volksschule teachers were limited to the lower working classes. These teachers tried to seize the opportunity offered by the unrest and parliamentary debates in 1848 to demand a number of educational reforms. (AM)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Elementary Education, Political Influences
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Best, John Hardin – History of Education Quarterly, 1988
Presents a history of the latest revolution in higher education, emphasizing the importance of increasing free market forces in institutional policy formation and the development of new management capabilities within academe. Discusses historiographic considerations and curriculum transitions, suggesting relevant considerations for the formation…
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Development
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Allen, Ann Taylor – History of Education Quarterly, 1988
Seeks to explain why the kindergarten movement, in theory and in practice, found greater support in the United States than in Germany, the country of its origin. Concludes that this kindergarten case study shows the importance of comparative studies to our understanding of the relationship of women's status and feminist ideology to other aspects…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational History
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