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Valkanova, Yordanka – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
The Russian Revolution of February 1917 displaced the autocracy of the Romanov royal family and aimed to establish a liberal republican Russia. The Bolsheviks, who came to power a few months later in the revolution of October 1917, announced that their new policy in education "had no analogy in history." Their reforms sought to establish…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Philosophy, Labor, Foreign Countries
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Mironov, Boris N. – History of Education Quarterly, 1991
Discusses the history of Russian literacy from Kievan Rus, through the Muscovite period, the Imperial period, and the postrevolutionary Soviet Union. Presents tables of literacy levels for various periods. Discusses evidence, theories, and problems with historians' assumptions. Concludes that, until recently, little impetus existed for the bulk of…
Descriptors: Archaeology, Basic Skills, Clergy, Educational History