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Bair, Sarah D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2011
During and after the American Civil War, individual state governments, faced with numerous economic demands, struggled to meet the needs of soldiers and their families. Among other pressing questions, they had to decide what to do with the massive number of dependent children orphaned by the war. In order to protect children, it became more…
Descriptors: Industrial Education, War, Dependents, Child Welfare
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Wechsler, Harold S. – History of Education Quarterly, 2008
Were colleges obliged to address the dilemmas faced by the many first- and second-generation Americans who enrolled after World War I? No, replied many administrators who espoused exclusion or assimilation, or who expressed indifference. These attitudes meant that many students would never learn to navigate the turbulent waters of campus social…
Descriptors: Social Life, Dropout Rate, War, Immigrants