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Hale, Jon N. – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
This article examines the history of Head Start, a federally funded program, whose conceptualization emerged in earlier phases of the Civil Rights Movement in order to provide education, nourishing meals, medical services, and a positive social environment for children about to enter the first grade. While Head Start was implemented in states…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Low Income
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Gasman, Marybeth; Drezner, Noah D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
The purpose of this article is to provide a better understanding of the history of fundraising in black college communities; to complicate understandings of white involvement in black college fundraising; to understand the role of fundraising, that is, fundraising for social change and social justice, during the period that followed the…
Descriptors: Black Colleges, Fund Raising, History, Consultants
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Williamson, Joy Ann – History of Education Quarterly, 2004
Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and their students played a pivotal part in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and early 1960s. Private HBCUs, in particular, provided foot soldiers, intellectual leadership, and safe places to meet and plan civil disobedience. Their economic and political autonomy from the state enabled the…
Descriptors: Black Colleges, Institutional Autonomy, Civil Rights, Educational History
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Rothschild, Mary Aickin – History of Education Quarterly, 1982
In 1964-65, Freedom Schools, staffed mostly by northern volunteers, were established for 11th grade Black students in Mississippi. The major goals of the summer schools were to give Blacks a broad intellectual and academic experience and to form a basis for statewide student action. (RM)
Descriptors: Activism, Civil Rights, Core Curriculum, Educational Objectives
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Perlstein, Daniel – History of Education Quarterly, 1990
Examines the Mississippi Freedom Schools, organized by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) during the 1964 summer, that were designed to empower Black students to transform society. Analyzes the schools' teaching practices based on student experiences and promoting self-discovery and expression. Identifies institutional limits in…
Descriptors: Activism, Black History, Civil Rights, Consciousness Raising