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Justice, Benjamin – History of Education Quarterly, 2011
They sat in the Cubberley Education Lecture Hall to hear visiting experts. More often they could be found meeting in reduced-size classes, or working on small-group activities. They usually took notes; sometimes they took field trips. They memorized lists and sat for exams, but they also watched films and acted out scenarios. Rather than take…
Descriptors: United States History, War, Global Approach, Cooperative Learning
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Kumano, Ruriko – History of Education Quarterly, 2010
In August 1945, Imperial Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers. From September 1945 to April 1952, the United States occupied the defeated country. Douglas MacArthur, an American army general and the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), attempted to transform Japanese society from an authoritarian regime into a budding democracy.…
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, Academic Freedom, Democracy, Schools
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Uno, Kathleen – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Research on the history of children and childhood in modern Japan (1868-1945) reveals that issues related to civil society, state, and the establishment of institutions for young children can be explored beyond the transatlantic world. In this essay, after briefly surveying historiography, a few basic terms, and earlier patterns of state and…
Descriptors: Historiography, Early Childhood Education, Young Children, Foreign Countries
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Thakur, Yoko H. – History of Education Quarterly, 1995
Observes that, although textbook reform in occupied Japan originally supported democratic principles of openness and competition, it later became a mechanism for anticommunist censorship. Maintains that interpretations of Japan's military conduct remain highly politicized and controversial. (MJP)
Descriptors: Censorship, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Curriculum Development, Democratic Values
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Roden, Donald – History of Education Quarterly, 1983
In 1949, 17 Japanese women educators attended a training course to discuss the issues of coeducation and counseling in a society undergoing broad social reforms. They talked freely about their deepest feelings and personal struggles over two decades of economic depression, war, and military occupation. (RM)
Descriptors: Coeducation, Comparative Education, Educational Counseling, Females
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Wollons, Roberta – History of Education Quarterly, 1993
Traces the history of kindergartens in Japan. Maintains that the Japanese government embraced the concept and modified it to encourage modernization. Includes 10 photographs of wood block prints showing how Friedrich Froebel's moral lessons were replicated in Japanese settings. (CFR)
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Objectives, Ethical Instruction, Foreign Countries
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Tamura, Eileen H. – History of Education Quarterly, 1993
Describes the English-only effort in the Territory of Hawaii that typified the Americanization crusade that swept the United States during and after World War I. Asserts that, although the Americanizers focused on southern and eastern Europeans on the mainland, the focus on Japanese in Hawaii added overtones of racial and political discrimination.…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Cultural Interrelationships, Educational History, Educational Objectives
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Beauchamp, Edward R. – History of Education Quarterly, 1987
Reviews Japan's educational system in terms of three major time periods: the Meiji Period 1868-80, Occupation Period 1945-52, and from 1978 to the present. Discusses strengths and weaknesses of education in each time frame. Concludes that Japan's educational system is in need of reform once again, but questions whether it has the ability to reform…
Descriptors: Asian History, Curriculum Evaluation, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education
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Marshall, Byron K. – History of Education Quarterly, 1977
Describes administrative problems in Japanese universities from 1870 to 1977. The universities of Kyoto and Tokyo serve as case studies of the power struggle among students, faculty, and the government. Major problems include lack of academic freedom, faculty hostility to government educational policies, and student activism. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Asian Studies, College Administration, Conflict