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Chmielewski, Kristen – History of Education Quarterly, 2020
Ideas and norms about disability shaped the experiences and careers of every teacher and prospective teacher in the Los Angeles public schools between 1930 and 1970. Medical doctors created and conducted the extensive medical examinations that teaching candidates and practicing teachers needed to pass to enter or remain in the classroom. The Los…
Descriptors: Teachers, Public Schools, Educational History, Teacher Characteristics
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Moss, Hilary J. – History of Education Quarterly, 2019
In 1981, Cambridge, Massachusetts, became the first school district in America to replace its neighborhood schools with a "controlled choice" assignment plan, which considered parental preference and racial balance. This article considers the history preceding this decision to explore how and why some Americans became enamored with…
Descriptors: School Choice, Educational History, Neighborhood Schools, Parent Role
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Johnson, Larry; Cobb-Roberts, Deirdre; Shircliffe, Barbara – History of Education Quarterly, 2007
The history of public higher education for African Americans in Florida provides an excellent opportunity to examine American institutional and political dynamics. Following World War II, Florida public higher education expanded dramatically, while at the same time, state leaders maintained racial segregation well after "Brown v. Board of…
Descriptors: African American Education, Public Education, Higher Education, Racial Segregation