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Hale, Jon N. – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
This article examines the history of Head Start, a federally funded program, whose conceptualization emerged in earlier phases of the Civil Rights Movement in order to provide education, nourishing meals, medical services, and a positive social environment for children about to enter the first grade. While Head Start was implemented in states…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Low Income
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Valkanova, Yordanka – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
The Russian Revolution of February 1917 displaced the autocracy of the Romanov royal family and aimed to establish a liberal republican Russia. The Bolsheviks, who came to power a few months later in the revolution of October 1917, announced that their new policy in education "had no analogy in history." Their reforms sought to establish…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Philosophy, Labor, Foreign Countries