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Hale, Jon N. – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
This article examines the history of Head Start, a federally funded program, whose conceptualization emerged in earlier phases of the Civil Rights Movement in order to provide education, nourishing meals, medical services, and a positive social environment for children about to enter the first grade. While Head Start was implemented in states…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Low Income
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Clark, Penney; Gleason, Mona; Petrina, Stephen – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
The development of the Child Study Centre (CSC) at University of British Columbia (UBC) provides a unique perspective on the complex and often contradictory relationship between child study and preschool education in postwar Canada. In this article, the authors detail the development and eventual closure of the CSC at UBC, focusing on the uneasy…
Descriptors: Laboratory Schools, Child Care, Preschool Education, Foreign Countries
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Rose, Elizabeth – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Head Start, the federal program that provides preschool education, health, and social services for children from poor families, is one of the United States' most popular government programs. Created in 1965, it has endured as a symbol of commitment to children, serving just fewer than one million children a year in neighborhood sites across the…
Descriptors: Nursery Schools, Poverty, Preschool Education, Economically Disadvantaged
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Beatty, Barbara – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…
Descriptors: Nursery Schools, Psychologists, Psychology, Piagetian Theory
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Uno, Kathleen – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Research on the history of children and childhood in modern Japan (1868-1945) reveals that issues related to civil society, state, and the establishment of institutions for young children can be explored beyond the transatlantic world. In this essay, after briefly surveying historiography, a few basic terms, and earlier patterns of state and…
Descriptors: Historiography, Early Childhood Education, Young Children, Foreign Countries
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Nawrotzki, Kristen D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Historians such as Seth Koven and Carolyn Steedman have shown how visual and literary depictions of children helped move late-nineteenth-century middle- and upper-class audiences to join in child-saving philanthropy aimed at the deserving poor. This essay focuses on an analysis of the promotional literature of the free kindergartens. Starting from…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Child Welfare, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Change
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Valkanova, Yordanka – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
The Russian Revolution of February 1917 displaced the autocracy of the Romanov royal family and aimed to establish a liberal republican Russia. The Bolsheviks, who came to power a few months later in the revolution of October 1917, announced that their new policy in education "had no analogy in history." Their reforms sought to establish…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Philosophy, Labor, Foreign Countries