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Hall, Megan J. – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
This essay provides a holistic review of what girls and young women learned, and the settings in which they learned, in the Middle Ages in England between the Norman Conquest (1066) and the Dissolution of the Monasteries (late 1530s). Education of girls was carried out in households, elementary schools, and nunneries, as well as through employment…
Descriptors: Womens Education, Literacy, Educational History, Foreign Countries
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Spencer, E. Mariah – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
Margaret Cavendish was an unusually public figure in early modern England. She published widely under her own name on several secular subjects, including natural philosophy, inequality of the sexes, and educational theory. This article explores the development of Cavendish's educational theories through a detailed account of her life, which took…
Descriptors: Educational History, Foreign Countries, Educational Theories, Authors
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Lynch, Sarah B. – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
This article examines the nature of school days and school years in later medieval Western Europe and considers the societal functions of the temporal cultures that emerged. The forms of the school day and year in elementary and grammar schools--alongside school-and youth-centered festivals--were replete with meaning and possessed utility beyond…
Descriptors: Medieval History, Educational History, School Schedules, Socialization
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Pak, Yoon K. – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
This History of Education Society Presidential Address comes at the society's sixtieth anniversary and provides a new conceptual framework that foregrounds recognizing a "racist-blind," and not a color-blind, ideology in the intentional and unequal design our educational past and present. It highlights systemic racism brought on by the…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Racial Bias, Educational History, Equal Education
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Fultz, Michael – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
This paper explores trends in summer and intermittent teaching practices among African American students in the post-Civil War South, focusing on student activities in the field, the institutions they attended, and the communities they served. Transitioning out of the restrictions and impoverishment of slavery while simultaneously seeking to…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Educational History, African American Students, African American Education
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Cunningham, Candace – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
When the South Carolina legislature created the anti-NAACP oath in 1956, teachers across the state lost their positions. But it was the dismissal of twenty-one teachers at the Elloree Training School that captured the attention of the NAACP and Black media outlets. In the years following Brown v. Board of Education, South Carolina's Black and…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Educational History, African American History, State History
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Smith, Troy A. – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
This article examines the workings of Hampton Institute's external relations program to show how the school developed loyal supporters and donors. By 1900, Hampton was the wealthiest school for African Americans, and its philosophy--stressing vocational education and forsaking political equality--was at its most influential during this time,…
Descriptors: Black Colleges, Educational Finance, Fund Raising, Private Financial Support
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Ladson-Billings, Gloria; Anderson, James D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
In the second half of the twentieth century, the ranks of Black teachers and school administrators declined precipitously. Today, less than 7 percent of American teachers are Black. This loss has had a number of consequences for schools and communities, but perhaps especially for Black students. As recent research has found, Black students benefit…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Teacher Shortage, Futures (of Society), Educational Trends
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Walsh, Camille – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
This article argues that the now-widespread US practice of residency-based tuition differentials for public higher education institutions is a twentieth-century form of higher education exceptionalism carved out in law and state policy, contradicting otherwise cherished and protected rights of free movement. This contradiction has been enabled in…
Descriptors: Public Colleges, Tuition, Access to Education, In State Students
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Rousmaniere, Kate – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
This essay examines the history of what is commonly called the town-gown relationship in American college towns in the six decades after the Second World War. A time of considerable expansion of higher education enrollment and function, the period also marks an increasing detachment of higher education institutions from their local communities.…
Descriptors: School Community Relationship, Colleges, Educational History, Higher Education
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Nations, Jennifer M. – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
The size and cost of US public higher education, funded largely by government, grew continuously for nearly twenty-five years after World War II. In the late 1960s, as the nation's economic growth slowed, the question of who should pay for higher education came under fresh political scrutiny. Decades-old no-tuition policies at the University of…
Descriptors: Tuition, Educational Finance, Politics of Education, Political Attitudes
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Goldrick-Rab, Sara; Labaree, David – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
Nearly 70 percent of American students enroll in postsecondary education immediately after graduating high school. Yet college and university completion rates remain highly disparate across social and economic groups. White students in the US are 20 percent more likely than Black and Latino students to graduate, and students from high-income…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Public Education, Community Colleges, Politics of Education
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Terzian, Sevan G. – History of Education Quarterly, 2021
This essay examines the first detailed study of gifted African American youth: Lillian Steele Proctor's master's thesis from the late 1920s on Black children in Washington, DC. Unlike formative research on gifted children by educational psychologists, Proctor's investigation emphasized children's experiences at school, home, and community in…
Descriptors: African American Students, Academically Gifted, Racial Bias, Racial Discrimination