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ERIC Number: EJ742088
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 35
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0018-2680
The Displacement of Black Educators Post-"Brown": An Overview and Analysis
Fultz, Michael
History of Education Quarterly, v44 n1 p11-45 Spr 2004
In 1951, three brief commentaries in the "Journal of Negro Education" drew public attention to the potentially tenuous job security of African-American educators in the South, Black professionals whose employment status was being called into question as southern educational institutions faced the prospect of desegregation. The specific incident which occasioned these commentaries was a December 1950 vote by the Board of Trustees of the University of Louisville to close the segregated, all-Black Louisville Municipal College, which it had administered since that college was founded in 1931, and to integrate the two institutions' student bodies. In retrospect, all three of these commentaries presciently anticipated trends which would affect thousands of African-American educators in the South. In this article, the author presents an overview and analysis of the displacement of black educators during post-"Brown." "Displacement" became the phase which subsumed the many policies and practices of southern school boards, school superintendents, and politicians which sought to undermine the employment and authority of African-American school staff: dismissals, demotions, forced resignations, "nonhiring," token promotions, reduced salaries, diminished responsibility, coercion to teach subjects or grade levels other than those for which individuals were certified or had experience. This article discusses the discrimination of African-American school staff from 1950s to mid 1970s. (Contains 67 footnotes.)
History of Education Society. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Educational Policy Studies, 360 Education Building MC-708, 1310 South Sixth Street, Champaign, IL 61820. Tel: 217-333-2446; Fax: 217-244-7064; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A