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Zimmerman, Jonathan – History of Education Quarterly, 1992
Describes the work of Mary Hunt and the Scientific Temperance movement to mandate teaching about the nature of alcohol and narcotics in the public schools. Examines the struggle over organization and planning within the public school system. Discusses organization in the Scientific Temperance movement's response to public school administration and…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Centralization, Citizen Role, Citizenship Education
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Efland, Arthur; Soucy, Donald – History of Education Quarterly, 1991
Discusses the work of Isaac Edwards Clarke, an influential nineteenth-century U.S. education official. Reports that Clarke encouraged instruction in drawing as an important industrial skill. Indicates that, although interest in industrial drawing as an important aspect of art education waned by 1900, Clarke's influence continued to be felt. (SG)
Descriptors: Art Education, Drafting, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education
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Lloyd, John – History of Education, 1992
Considers evidence relating to the effectiveness of Scottish schools during the Second World War. Addresses four areas: (1) teacher loss and class size, (2) deterioration of primary education, (3) early leaving and absenteeism, and (4) rising aspirations and declining standards in secondary education. Concludes that the war had both positive and…
Descriptors: Aspiration, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Mobility
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Marsden, W. E. – History of Education, 1993
Discusses the changing role of religion studies in British education as a result of the National Curriculum. Maintains that the interdisciplinary curriculum development has been politicized by the government and the Church of England. (CFR)
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History
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Stevens, Edward W., Jr. – History of Education Quarterly, 1990
Traces the historical development of technical literacy through the establishment of technical institutes in the United States. Relates the development of technical learning to the emerging industrial economy. Explains that instruction required literacy and fundamental mathematical skills. Notes scientific literacy was popularized by magazines…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Finkelstein, Barbara – History of Education Quarterly, 1991
Explores the historical bases for turning to education for solutions to U.S. economic problems. Discusses the Founders' dream of an educated republic, the nineteenth-century origins of public education, and the Progressive era view of schools as laboring communities in miniature. Addresses the implications for contemporary education. (SG)
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Objectives, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education