ERIC Number: EJ1047888
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Can We Still Speak of There Being an Academic Profession?
History of Education, v43 n6 p727-739 2014
This article seeks to compare the characteristics of the academic profession as described historically by Perkin in 1969 against the definitions of a profession derived from the published views of sociologists and others. It then measures the position of the academic community today against these definitions: a common range of professional tasks and competences, representation by a membership-led organisation, participation in institutional governance, a role in determining professional development and conditions of service, powers of self-regulation, and exclusive control of the knowledge and expertise it professes. The article goes on to analyse how the characteristics of twenty-first century academic life measure up to these provisions and concludes that in many ways they now fall substantially short to the extent that in a strict sense it is no longer possible to claim that academics belong to an academic profession.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching (Occupation), Higher Education, Universities, College Faculty, Educational History, Teacher Responsibility, Teacher Competencies, Group Membership, Organizations (Groups), Governance, Teacher Role, Faculty Development, Teaching Conditions, Self Control, Accountability, Expertise, Knowledge Level, Knowledge Management
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom