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McGeorge, Colin – History of Education, 1992
Discusses the teaching of evolution in New Zealand during the first half of the twentieth century. Reports that evolution instruction began formally in the 1920s but was withdrawn 30 years later amid protests. Observes that the teaching of evolution predated the 1920s in muted form. Describes the roles of broadcasting and religion in the dispute.…
Descriptors: Controversial Issues (Course Content), Curriculum Development, Educational History, Elementary Education
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Brooks, J. R. – History of Education, 1991
Discusses the educational reconstruction movement in Great Britain during and after World War I. Describes the divergent views on reform held by leaders and the effects of those differences on the reconstruction plans they developed. Follows the development of a consensus through council reports and committee writings. (DK)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Educational Change, Educational History, Foreign Countries
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Elliott, B. J. – History of Education, 1991
Describes development of qualifying examinations in English and Welsh secondary schools. Evaluates forms and quality of testing in history. Presents suggestions by experts and changes made in England and Wales over 21-year period. Finds that most problems stemmed from desires to cover long periods of time while providing the depth of coverage…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Educational Attainment, Educational History, Evaluation Utilization
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Thomas, J. B. – History of Education, 1992
Traces the development of teacher education in Birmingham, England, from the Victorian period through the 1920s. Describes the transition of Mason College and the Birmingham Day Training College into the education department of Birmingham University. Discusses women's education, teacher training for men, student life, faculty, and curriculum. (DK)
Descriptors: Educational History, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Schools of Education
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Lloyd, John – History of Education, 1992
Considers evidence relating to the effectiveness of Scottish schools during the Second World War. Addresses four areas: (1) teacher loss and class size, (2) deterioration of primary education, (3) early leaving and absenteeism, and (4) rising aspirations and declining standards in secondary education. Concludes that the war had both positive and…
Descriptors: Aspiration, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Mobility
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Henderson, Willie – History of Education, 1992
Reports on the work of Harriet Martineau, an economist who had a major impact on British economic theory and public policy in the mid-1800s. Discusses the background and development of her theories. Describes the impact they had on Thomas Malthus, John Stuart Mill, and other social scientists. (CFR)
Descriptors: Economic Change, Economics, Educational History, Females
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Marsden, W. E. – History of Education, 1993
Discusses the changing role of religion studies in British education as a result of the National Curriculum. Maintains that the interdisciplinary curriculum development has been politicized by the government and the Church of England. (CFR)
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History
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Vickerstaff, J. J. – History of Education, 1990
Profiles two types of schoolmasters in Durham County, England, and developments in the incipient teaching profession from 1400 to 1550. Discusses schoolmasters' qualifications, tenure, remuneration, and origins. Shows a few career-minded men enjoyed long tenures whereas the majority taught for a short time, hoping their teaching experience would…
Descriptors: Career Development, Career Ladders, Church Role, Clergy
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McCulloch, Gary; Sobell, Liz – History of Education, 1994
Maintains that surprisingly little attention has been given to secondary modern schools by historians. Maintains that a new approach is needed to examine the impact of social differentiation in English and Welsh schools. Asserts that a more current history of secondary schools will provide new insights into British social history. (CFR)
Descriptors: Curriculum Design, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices
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Mwiria, Kilemi – History of Education, 1991
Discusses how the British colonial government in Kenya used the education system to strengthen political and economic power over the African majority. Describes the unequal allocation of education revenue, selective and punitive public examinations and a racially biased school curriculum. Concludes that Europeans' need to dominate Africans…
Descriptors: African History, Colonialism, Educational History, Ethnocentrism