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Showing 1 to 15 of 928 results Save | Export
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Hof, Barbara – History of Education, 2021
Drawing on historical epistemology and considerations on the function of scientific modelling, this article investigates how in the mid-twentieth century electronic and programmable animal models became tools for exploring the inaccessible ontology of the human mind. The article examines how machines have informed our understanding of the learning…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Learning Processes, Foreign Countries, Epistemology
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Bulatov, Ivan – History of Education, 2021
Following the civil war in Russia, many Russian people ended up in exile. Amongst many other challenges, they were faced with the unique threat of losing their national identity. The key defenders of Russianness were the traditional institutions of identity construction. Youth movements also assisted them in this work, through the use of the Scout…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, War, Identification, Youth Programs
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Garrard, Graeme – History of Education, 2021
Rousseau is among the most influential and important public moralists of the eighteenth century. His popular treatise on education, Emile, argues that parents should ideally rear their own children. It is small wonder, therefore, that his decision to place his own children in a foundling hospital has exposed Rousseau to the charge of hypocrisy and…
Descriptors: Educational Theories, Educational Philosophy, Educational History, Child Rearing
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Kumbhat, Pushpa – History of Education, 2021
This article seeks to understand how adult students perceived education as disseminated by the Workers' Educational Association (WEA). Evidence will be presented from sources not commonly studied, namely WEA student logbooks of tutorial classes. Adult students attending WEA tutorial classes in the 1920s and 1930s recorded their own personal,…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Students, Student Attitudes, Educational History
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Lee, Gyeong-Geon; Hong, Hun-Gi – History of Education, 2021
Comenius (1592-1670) has been widely studied in educational research, although limited work has addressed his thinking about science education comprehensively. His Pansophist philosophy led him to believe that science was a necessary subject for all ("Omnes"). Comenius emphasised useful scientific knowledge and core principles…
Descriptors: Science Education, Educational History, Philosophy, Science Curriculum
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Müggenburg, Jan – History of Education, 2021
This article analyses how Heinz von Foerster's Biological Computer Laboratory (BCL) translated cybernetic concepts into an experimental pedagogy tailored to the interests of the youth of the American intellectual counterculture. The existing research literature assumes that the opening of BCL to the counterculture in the early 1970s was the result…
Descriptors: Cybernetics, Experimental Teaching, Artificial Intelligence, Research
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Kim, Sun; Kang, Sungwoo – History of Education, 2021
This paper explores relations between literacy education, ideology and politics, based on an analysis of educational reforms during Soviet and US military occupation in North and South Korea. Following the end of the Second World War, anti-illiteracy campaigns in the two Koreas became important means of political socialisation for Koreans amid the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Literacy Education, Ideology, Politics of Education
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Marklund, Emil – History of Education, 2021
By exploring demographic data on teachers through a Bordieusian lens, this study aims to analyse the socio-economic background of primary school teachers in northern Sweden depending on gender and type. The rural area under study follows a national development where the number of primarily female teachers and junior school teachers increased…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Background, Socioeconomic Background
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Mueller, Tim – History of Education, 2021
August Heißmeyer was a high-ranking SS officer, a member of Heinrich Himmler's inner circle, husband to Reich women's leader Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, and the driving force behind the pan-European expansion of Nazi elite schools during the Third Reich. In light of Heißmeyer's official pardon by Württemberg state president Dr Gebhard Müller in 1951,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Authoritarianism, Biographies
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Pillot, Clémence – History of Education, 2021
This article considers the wartime evacuation of English public schools as a result of enemy bombing as well as the commandeering of school buildings for government and military purposes. It looks at the way evacuation was privately organised by public school authorities often relying on the 'old school tie', while also taking financial…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, World History, War, Educational History
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Hetemi, Atdhe – History of Education, 2021
This study examines the historical role that institutions of higher education, particularly the University of Prishtina (UP), played in the political and national emancipation of Albanians in Kosovo during the 1960s and 1970s. Having evolved from a series of institutions of higher education into a university in its own right in the 1970s, the UP…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Educational History, College Role
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Elmersjö, Henrik Åström – History of Education, 2021
This article explores representations of problems regarding citizenship in changes to the syllabi of social studies and history in Swedish secondary schools between 1970 and 2017. Previous research has shown that the general educational discourse changed from an emphasis on the societal needs of committed citizens to an emphasis on the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Studies, History Instruction, Course Descriptions
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Ahlburg, Dennis A.; McCall, Brian P. – History of Education, 2021
This paper uses a newly discovered data set on examination results by gender from 1913 to 1986 to show that the gender gap in examinations at the University of Oxford has existed for over a century. We show that after declining for almost 70 years the gender gap in Firsts increased significantly after the introduction of coresidence -- the…
Descriptors: Educational History, Gender Differences, Scores, Foreign Countries
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Redding, Kimberly A. – History of Education, 2020
This essay explores how both German and international educators mobilised history curricula to reshape German collective identity between 1945 and 1950, focusing particular attention on depictions of the "deutsche Vertriebene" (German expellees) in curricular plans and textbooks. In the mid-1940s, 12-15 million ethnic Germans were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, History Instruction, Curriculum Development, Public Education
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Pacheco-Costa, Alejandra – History of Education, 2020
During the last decades of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth, a serious concern regarding the academic credentials of musicians arose in Spain. This movement was led by Francisco Barbieri and Felipe Pedrell. Drawing on Krausism and Regenerationism, Pedrell defined the cultural background required by true artists, following…
Descriptors: Music Education, Teaching Methods, Educational History, Foreign Countries
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